They don’t grow or store food, or keep any livestock. They rely on the blessing that if they venture into the woods, they would always have food. With a population of about 1,300, the Hadza tribe of Tanzania is one of Africa’s last remaining hunter-gatherer ethnic groupings.
According to National Geographic, they rely on bows and arrows to meet their needs for protein and edible plants to meet their nutritional requirements. For their survival, they mostly consume roots, fruits, and honey. To gather fruits, bee hives, and tubers for their family and themselves, they begin each day with an arduous walk through grass fields.
The Hadza tribesmen have few basic requirements. They simply need dry grasses and branches to make their shelter; they don’t build houses or own land. They are the contemporary hunter-gatherers who do not observe seasonal changes or irregular vacations. Many of them are from Tanzania’s mountainous Eyasi Valley.
The Hadza tribesmen, according to many anthropologists, serve as a link between the present and the past in the study of human evolution. The Hadza tribesmen communicate in unusual ways. They accomplish this by making use of well-known sounds produced by tapping and popping sounds.
According to oral tradition, they have lived close to the Serengeti plains where they are now since anthropologists first discovered them. Archaeologists believe that early men, who lived 1.9 million years ago, were their ancestors. They are connected to one of the earliest men in sub-Saharan Africa, according to genetic study.
Urbanization and extensive farming methods have put the Hadza tribesmen’s existence and survival under danger. According to studies on the tribesmen communities, they have been losing significant portions of their territory for the past 50 years. The tribesmen have been forced to trek great distances with their bows and arrows in search of sustenance as a result.
However, the tribesmen shouldn’t have trouble finding food after these fields haven’t been damaged. In the Hadza tribe, going on a search and coming back empty-handed is acceptable. The Hadza tribesmen’s genes, according to DNA study, show that they are related to the early men’s mitochondrial lineage. Anthropologists estimate that their forebears may have been 50,000 years old, making them the oldest males to have ever walked on the African continent.
Cemeteries are not created by the Hadza tribe members. Once they are done hunting and collecting in an area, they believe in building grass huts and living there. Any soil will do for the interment of their ancestors.
Because they do not include anxiety in their daily thinking, they are regarded as one of the happiest men. They don’t believe in worrying about the now; they only worry about the past or the future. The present must be fully savored because it is meant for the living.
Their main concerns are getting the food they need and a place to sleep. The Hadza tribesman has achieved self-actualization after these demands are met.