Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Sr., founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL), and Amy Euphemia Jacques were the parents of Marcus Jacques Garvey, Jr. The UNIA-ACL, a prominent black nationalist organization, was founded in Jamaica in 1914 and later relocated to Harlem, New York City.
On September 17, 1930, Garvey Jr. was born in the Halfway Tree neighborhood of St. Andrew, Jamaica. Garvey, Jr. was the leader of the African Nationalist Union by the 1970s, a small Jamaican Black power political organization he founded in 1968. He was also elected as the organization’s 39th Convention’s seventh president-general and Administrator of the National body of the UNIA-ACL in 1992, and served as President until 2004.
As president, he attempted to resurrect the UNIA and was instrumental in the formation of the Caribbean Multi-National Business Conference in 1995. The conference’s goal is to bring together businesspeople of color for collaboration and cooperation.
Garvey Jr. and his brother, thoracic surgeon and professor Dr. Julius Garvey, are the sons of Amy Jacques and Garvey, Sr. They were both raised in Jamaica. His father, Marcus Garvey, died on June 10, 1940, and his mother, Amy Jacques Garvey, died on July 15, 1973.
Garvey Jr. attended a number of universities and colleges. Garvey Jr. received his diploma from Kingston Technical High School. According to his official obituary, he graduated from the University of London with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English and Economics and a Bachelor of Laws degree. He also holds a BSc. and an MSc. in Mathematics and Physics from the University of the West Indies, Mona. In 1973, he moved to the United States to pursue a PhD in Physics, and he later earned an MSc in Electrical Engineering from City College of New York (CUNY).
Garvey Jr. taught mathematics and physics at a number of Jamaican high schools, as well as at the University of Jamaica, Mona, and Hunter College in New York. He worked as an electrical engineer for several years before retiring in 1993. He later taught mathematics at La Guardia Community College and the College of Aeronautics in Flushing, New York.
Julius, his younger brother, is still working on obtaining a pardon for their father, despite President Barack Obama’s rejection of a posthumous pardon for Marcus Mosiah Garvey in 2011. In 1978, Marcus Garvey Jr. divorced Litsy Clare Garvey. Garvey, Jr. later married and had two sons with Jean Garvey. He died on December 8, 2020, at the age of 90, in Wellington, Florida.