The rebel authorities in Ethiopia’s Tigray region have confirmed their participation in talks scheduled for Monday in South Africa, under the aegis of the African Union (AU), aimed at ending the two-year conflict in the north of the country.
“It is the first time that the Ethiopian federal government has taken the lead in the negotiations,” said Kindeya Gebrehiwot, a spokesman for the two parties, in a message to AFP.
The Ethiopian federal government of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, which has been at war with the rebel authorities in Tigray since November 2020, announced on Thursday that it would take part in the talks, but neither the AU, which is based in Addis Ababa nor Pretoria has officially confirmed this yet.
Previous talks, convened in early October in South Africa by the AU, had fizzled out before they even began, amid organisational problems.
On Friday, the AU High Representative for the Horn of Africa, former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, who is leading the mediation efforts, briefed the pan-African organisation’s Peace and Security Council (PSC) “on the peace process for Ethiopia”.
This closed-door meeting of the PSC, the body in charge of conflicts and security issues within the pan-African organisation, was the first since the resumption of fighting on 24 August in northern Ethiopia, which had ended a five-month truce and the meagre hopes of talks that it had raised.
“We are not going to continue fighting indefinitely,” he said, without mentioning the upcoming talks in South Africa and while the Ethiopian army and its allies have recently stepped up their offensive in Tigray.
The international community has been concerned in recent days about the recent intensification of fighting in Tigray, which is being pinched by Ethiopian federal forces, supported in the north by the army of Eritrea – the country that borders Tigray in the north – and in the south by troops from neighbouring Ethiopian regions.
Ethiopian and Eritrean forces seized Shire, one of the main towns in Tigray, which had a population of around 100,000 before the war and was home to many people displaced by the conflict, after several days of bombing.
– Fighting near Aksum –
A humanitarian source who requested anonymity told AFP that intense fighting was taking place Friday in Selekelka, halfway between Shire and Aksum, citing “a push” by Ethiopian and Eritrean forces towards this other major town in Tigray which is home to a World Heritage site.
Price said US special envoy for the Horn of Africa Mike Hammer had been in Addis Ababa for several days “supporting AU efforts to launch the talks” which Washington “wants to see begin as soon as possible”.
Mr Hammer “is in constant contact with the parties involved, including those preparing to participate in the mediation, particularly Kenya and South Africa,” the US spokesman added.
The AU recently set up a mediation “troika” led by Obasanjo, assisted by former Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta and former South African Vice President Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka.
In a telephone exchange on Wednesday with the UN secretary-general, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said he was “deeply concerned” about the “risk of mass atrocities” in northern Ethiopia.
On Monday, Mr Guterres said the situation in Ethiopia was getting “out of control”.