Brain infections are uncommon, although they do occur. When an infectious agent (bacteria, virus, fungi, or parasites) enters the tissues of your brain, it causes a brain infection.
If a virus is the culprit, it can induce meningitis, encephalitis, and cerebral palsy. Bacterial infections are less prevalent, although they can still cause meningitis or abscesses. Fungal infections are also uncommon, but they can develop in patients with weakened immune systems. Because they can cause convulsions or coma, parasite infections are the most hazardous.
Because brain infections can be fatal, early detection and treatment are critical for avoiding complications.
It’s important to note that brain infections are rare, but they can be serious and require immediate medical attention. Here are 10 warning signs that your brain may be infected:
- Headache: A severe or persistent headache can be a sign of an infection in the brain.
- Fever: A fever is the body’s natural response to an infection, including a brain infection.
- Nausea and vomiting: These symptoms may be caused by an infection in the brain, especially if they are accompanied by other symptoms.
- Confusion: Confusion or disorientation can be a sign of a brain infection, especially if it comes on suddenly.
- Seizures: Seizures can be a sign of a brain infection, especially if they occur without a history of epilepsy.
- Stiff neck: A stiff neck can be a sign of meningitis, a serious infection that can affect the brain and spinal cord.
- Sensitivity to light: Photophobia, or sensitivity to light, can be a sign of an infection in the brain.
- Weakness or numbness: Weakness or numbness in the arms or legs can be a sign of an infection in the brain.
- Changes in vision or hearing: Changes in vision or hearing can be a sign of a brain infection, especially if they occur suddenly.
- Behavioral changes: Changes in behavior, such as increased aggression or irritability, can be a sign of a brain infection.
If you experience any of these symptoms, especially if they come on suddenly or are severe, seek immediate medical attention. A brain infection can be life-threatening, and early diagnosis and treatment are important for a good outcome.