As we open our minds, we notice that there is a whole world to be discovered and places to be seen. Unfortunately, some of these countries hit rock-bottom in the last few years, and have shown to be unable to sustain themselves economically. It is sad to say that there are nations that have a majority of their citizens that can’t afford the morning paper nor a bottle of water. This list will focus on the 20 least developed countries in the world based on their Human Development Index (HDI), a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. In detail, these categories are: life expectancy, otherwise the average period that a person may expect to live in years; expected years of schooling, which is the time that children spend learning before receiving higher-level education. The higher the better; Gross National Income (GNI) per capita in the currency of PPP$, which is composed by the total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of a country, consisting of gross domestic product (GDP) plus factor incomes earned by foreign residents, minus income earned in the domestic economy by nonresidents; and GNI per capita minus HDI rank. This data was recollected in the last census that took place in the year 2014. There are a total of 188 countries on the list because the rest of them are missing data (such as North Korea). Here is the list of the least developed countries in the world 2016.
#20 – South Sudan: On the top of the list we have South Sudan ranking 188th, which counts with a Human Development Index value of 0.467. The life expectancy is 55.7 years, 7.6 years of schooling and 2,332 PPP$ of GNI per capita. It’s GNI per capita minus Human Development Index r
ank is -9.
#19 – Senegal: The next entry on this list is the African country of Senegal. The Human Development Index score is 0.466. This score is given due to its life expectancy of 66.5 years, 7.9 expected years of schooling, 2,188 PPP$ Gross National Income per capita, and the GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank of -8.
#18 – Afghanistan: The third entry is awarded to Afghanistan, with a 0.465 HDI rating. The average life expectancy is 60.4 years of age and the average schooling years rake up to 9.3 of them even though the majority of students study for 3 years of their life. The GNI in PPP$ is 1,885.
#17 – Côte d’Ivoire: The next entry goes to Côte d’Ivoire with a 0.462 HDI score. The avera
ge life expectancy, believe it or not, is 51.5 years. To put this into perspective, the maximum life expectancy is found in Hong Kong, China with 84 years expectancy. The schooling years that are supposed to be implemented are 8.9 but students only study for 4.3 years.
#16 – Malawi: In place 16 goes Malawi, another African country with an HDI scor
e of 0.445 and a life expectancy of 62.8 years. Students are supposed to study 10.8 years in school but only study for 4.3 years of their lives. Their GNI in PPP$ goes as low as 747.
#15 – Ethiopia: Hitting number 15 on the list, Ethiopia. Many expected this country to be lower on the list, but compared to the rest, Ethiopia isn’t the poorest nor the least developed nation. Its HDI scores at 0.442 with a life expectancy of 64.1. Students only manage to stay 2.4 years in school and then set off to do labor work. Ethiopia’s GNI in PPP$ is astonishingly 1,428, higher that it’s higher contenders.
#14 – Gambia: Gambia, yet another African country on the list is ranked #14 on one of the least developed countries in the world with an HDI score of 0.441 and a life expectancy of 64.1 years of age. Students go to school for only 2.8 ye
ars and the GNI per capita in PPP$ is 1,501.
#13 – Congo (Democratic Republic of the): The African Democratic Republic of the Congo hits the 13th spot with an HDI score of 0.433 and a life expectancy of 58.7 years. This country, although students go to school for 6 years, has a very poor education system that doesn’t properly structure its alumni. Congo’s GNI per capita is a low 680 PPP$.
#12 – Liberia: Yet another country from the African continent, Liberia. It’s HDI score is 0.430 and the life expectancy is 60.9 years of age. Students attend school for an average of 4.1 years, explaining its very low development. The GNI per capita is 805 PPP$.
#11 – Guinea-Bissau: The African country on the west coast, Guinea-Bissau, is the 11th least developed country on the world with and HDI score of 0.420 and a low life expectancy of 55.2 years. Pupils attend school for a grand total of 2.8 years, affecting the GNI per capita of 1,362 PPP$.
On the next page you will see which country is the least developed in the world.
#10 – Mali: The French colony of Mali ranks #10 on the list with a 0.419 HDI score and a life expectancy of 58 years. Students attend a ridiculously low, but not the lowest, time in school: 2 years. The GNI per capita in PPP$ is 1,583.
#9 – Mozambique: The south-east African Nation hits #9 on the list. The HDI value of 0.416, a life expectancy of 55.1 years, only 3.2 years of schooling and a GNI per capita of 1,123 PPP$ helps Mozambique land this spot on the list.
#8 – Sierra Leone: The next country on the list is the Western African sovereign state of Sierra Leone. This nation has an HDI score of 0.413 and a life expectancy of 50.9 years. The average student studies around 3 years in school and spends the rest of his life doing labor work.
#7 – Guinea: The next entry on the list goes to Guinea, the African country. The HDI value for this nation is 0.411 and the average life expectancy is estimated to be 58.8 years. The average student studies 2.4 years in school before he or she has to drop out for a diverse set of reasons.
#6 – Burkina Faso: The 6th entry on the list belongs to the West African country of Burkina Faso. The HDI value is 0.402 and the average life expectancy is 58.7 years. This country has the least amount of secondary school graduated on earth with only 1.4 years of schooling. Weirdly though, the GNI in PPP$ is 1,591.
#5 – Burundi: Tuning down to the top 5, Burundi, the African country of Burundi takes the 5th place with an HDI value of 0.400 and an average life cycle of 56.7 years. Students go to school for only 2.7 years and the GNI per capita is valued at 758 PPP$.
#4 – Chad: The fourth place goes to Chad, the North-African country. With an average life cycle of 51.6 years and an HDI score of 0.392. Students go to school for just under 2 years before dropping out.
#3 – Eritrea: Down to the top 3, Eritrea takes 3rd. Home of many diseases such as Ebola, this country has a Human Development Index value of 0.391 and an average life cycle of 63.7 years. Students go to school for 3.9 out of 4.1 years of schooling, which is rather strange for a country to implement in their educational system. The GNI per capita is 1,130 PPP$.
#2 – Central African Republic: For the second place, we have the Central African Republic, with only 0.350 as their HDI value and a life expectancy of 50.7 years. Students attend schools for 4.2 years before dropping out due to various reasons. Their GNI per capita value is an extremely low 581 PPP$.
#1 – Niger: The number 1 spot goes to Niger, with 0.384 for their HDI value and a life expectancy of 61.4 years. Alumni attend school for a ridiculously low 1.5 years as their GNI per capita strikes a 908 PPP$.