The aim of the meeting is to provide international support to the Horn of Africa Nation in its course to achieving peace and stability by 2020. Talks will focus on security, humanitarian relief and aiding political reform to Somalia’s fragile government. Somalia has been in turmoil since 1991.
Over the past several years, it has faced an insurgency by al-Shabaab, which the government is battling with the help of regional troops.
This is the third London Somalia Conference.
The agenda is similar to previous ones with the focus on security, governance and the economy. The 2012 conference was in response to chronic instability, when large parts of the country were controlled by al-Shabaab militants, famine had struck and piracy was rife. After the conference, a legitimate federal government was established. African Union peacekeeping forces pushed al-Shabaab out of key cities.
An international naval force effectively thwarted piracy attacks. And aid was delivered to millions. In 2013, the international community came together again to agree on measures to support the Federal Government’s plans in security, justice and public financial management. The conference also agreed to tackle sexual violence in Somalia.
Those attending committed expertise and funding of over 300 million dollars. In spite of progress though, Somalia continues to be threatened by Islamist militants, a resurgence in piracy and famine.