Rarely has a leader of a NATO member state been so far in recognizing responsibility for the 2011 western intervention in Libya in the country’s state today: in a speech to Tunisian deputies On 1 February, French President Emmanuel Macron declared that “Europe, the United States and some others [have] a responsibility in the current situation in Libya”.
“The idea of unilaterally and militarily resolving a country’s situation is a misconception,” he said to the Tunisian parliamentarians’ applause. “I do not forget that many decided that we had to finish with the Libyan leader without there being any project for the continuation”, he added, implicitly referring to Nicolas Sarkozy, who had engaged France in an intervention aimed at dislodging Muammar Gaddafi from power. “We have collectively plunged Libya since those years into anomie without being able to resolve the situation,” he added.
While the security risks posed by political instability and violence in Libya are now also weighing on Tunisia, the speech of Emmanuel Macron has taken a particular resonance. But it is undoubtedly the situation in Syria, which many Western chancelleries have called for the resignation of President Bashar al-Assad in recent years, that the French head of state thought when he said: “Whatever “One thinks of a leader, [one can not] imagine that [one] can substitute for the sovereignty of a people to decide its future”.
Libya has been plunged into chaos since Western intervention and the fall of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. Two authorities are fighting for power today. On the one hand, the national unity government, recognized by the international community and based in Tripoli. On the other hand, an authority exercising power in the east of the country, with the support of Marshal Khalifa Haftar who holds his legitimacy for his military success on the ground.