Forms of corruption vary, but include bribery, extortion, cronyism, nepotism, gombeenism, parochialism patronage,influence peddling, graft, and embezzlement. Corruption may facilitate criminal enterprise such as drug trafficking,money laundering, and human trafficking, though is not restricted to these activities. Misuse of government power for other purposes, such as repression of political opponents and general police brutality, is also considered political corruption.
The activities that constitute illegal corruption differ depending on the country or jurisdiction. For instance, some political funding practices that are legal in one place may be illegal in another. In some cases, government officials have broad or ill-defined powers, which make it difficult to distinguish between legal and illegal actions. Worldwide, bribery alone is estimated to involve over 1 trillion US dollars annually. A state of unrestrained political corruption is known as a kleptocracy, literally meaning “rule by thieves”.
Uganda’s Yoweri Museveni has issued a “tough warning” to government officials against corruption and the underutilization of loan funds.
The country’s president expressed his disgust on some government officials’ attitudes who “solicit bribes and favours from investors, frustrating them in the process” during a cabinet meeting on Friday.
“This must stop or else people will be embarrassed. You shouldn’t ask investors to pay your children’s school fees, or do this and that. If you have a problem, call a clan meeting and solve it as a family, not through corruption,” President Museveni said in a series of tweets.
Museveni revealed that the World Bank has issued loans and grants of $1.8 billion but only 10% of it has been utilized.
“Tough action will be taken against government officials who negligently fail to utilize these funds,” he warned.
Museveni earlier announced that Uganda has recovered from its economical downturn and the country needs to kick out poverty.
He also called on the security organs to stop “negative elements infiltrating decision-making centres of government.”