1) AlAzhar University (970~972 AD)
Located in Cairo, Egypt, the AlAzhar University was established in 970~972 AD by the Fatimids
as a center of Islamic learning. It was one of the first universities in the world. Today it is the chief
2) Fourah Bay College (1827)
This public university is located in Freetown, Sierra Leone. It was founded on 18 February 1827
and is the oldest university in West Africa and constituent college of the University of Sierra
Leone. It is also the first westernstyle university in the region.
3) University of Cape Town (1829)
The UCT, which was founded in 1829 as the South African College, is a public research university
located in Cape Town. It is the oldest university in South Africa and also the second oldest extant
university in the African continent.
4) University of Liberia (1862)
The University of Liberia was established in 1862. This publicly funded institution of higher
education is located in Monrovia. It is one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in West
5) University of Khartoum (1902)
The University of Khartoum is the largest and oldest university in Sudan. It was established in the
year 1902. This multicampus, coeducational, public university is recognized as a top university
and a highranked academic institution in Africa. It was renamed from Gordon Memorial College
6) Stellenbosch University (1903)
This leading public research university was established in the year 1903. Located in Stellenbosch,
this university was the first African university to sign the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to
Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities
7) Cairo University (1908)
Founded on 21 December 1908, the Cairo University is a public university located in Giza. It
became a state institution under King Fahd I in 1925. Currently it enrolls around 155,000 students
in 22 faculties. Three of its graduates are Nobel laureates.
8) University of Algiers (1909)
Located in Algiers, Algeria, the University of Algiers was established in 1909. It stemmed out of
different higher education institutions created in the 19th century under the French colonial rule.
Today it is organized into seven faculties. There were some 30 indigenous Algerian students in
1914. Today, around 100,827 students study in this university.
9) American University in Cairo (1919)
The American University was established in the year 1919 by the American Mission in Egypt. The
founders intended the university to be both a preparatory school and a university. The AUC is a
nonprofit, independent, liberal arts, English language university. It offers Americanstyle learning
programs at the undergraduate, graduate and professional levels. Students from more than 100 countries.
10) Makerere University (1922)
Makerere University is located in Kampala, Uganda. It was first established as a technical school
in 1922. It transitioned from the faculty based to the collegiate system few years back. Today it is
the largest institution of higher learning in Uganda. It is composed of nine colleges and one school
and enrolls around 36,000 undergraduates and 4,000 postgraduates. It is one of the most
prestigious universities in the African continen