In the course of the 20th centuries there have been many advances and Special Education has one of the fields that has benefitted from that. People do not consider disabled children and adults as retarded people. It has been noticed that several institutions have stopped using the term retardation in their syllabuses, something that in the past made it really difficult for parents as well as medical professionals to insert those disabled people into society. Let’s have a look at the top ten childhood disorders that are common to see in schools nowadays.
1. Learning Disability
The learning disability has an impact in the skills of the brain to get and handle new information. Therefore, this means that this is not a problem related to the intellectual capacity. People who are affected with learning disabilities can see, listen and comprehend things in a different way. One typical example of a learning disability is dyslexia that affects a great number of students nowadays.
It is impossible to try to define this concept but many people perceive gifted kids as intelligent and imaginative. The majority of gifted kids have a great variety of skills not only for learning new things but also at the moment of putting those things to use. They have a great span of attention that leads them to be really curious, which results in the easiness to learn, keep and synthesize what they learn.
3. Language Delay
Language delay represents the inability to develop language skills within the typical times. This means that if someone is affected with language delay, that person will go through the deferral of the development to acquire the language skills like people who are not affected by it.
4. Pervasive Developmental Disorder
This is a terrible condition that affects more than ten kids out of 10,000. The condition has an impact on the cognitive skills, the kids’ reactions to what they see, hear, smell, touch and taste and also on their skills to make sense of language. Kids who are affected with this disorder generally have unusual postures or do strange movements. An example of this condition is autism.
5. Seasonal Affective Disorders
With the Seasonal Affective Disorder kids might seem to be depressed in the course of winter and summer and really energetic in the course of autumn and spring. This is because the kids’ moods swing as they don’t have the ability to adapt to changes in the seasons.
6. Developmental Disorders
This condition means that there’s a deferral in the development of the affected child at a particular time during childhood. One of the most typical examples of this disorder is Down’s syndrome.
7. Behavioral Exceptionalities
Psychiatrists and other mental health experts judge behavioral exceptionalities from the point of view of the environment, the psychodynamic and the psychosocial aspects. This is the typical condition students who misbehave have. An example of this condition is the adjustment disorder.
8. Neurological Disorder
With this condition the nervous system of a person is affected. Regardless of misapprehensions, neurological disorders are a lot more than malformations of the brain since doctors have been able to discover neurological disorders in the spinal cord’s nerves too. Some examples of this condition include cerebral palsy and Tourette’s syndrome.
This is a condition by which people lose the ability to hear. This means that they lose the ability to perceive specific sound frequencies in a partial or sometimes complete way.
The main reason why children suffer from this affliction is because of factors related to their neurons and physiology. Kids who suffer from blindness generally lose their vision and have a sharpness of vision that is no more than 20/60.