With no outward manifestations in the beginning, chlamydia stays a standout amongst the most widely recognized sexually transmitted STD s. This is on the grounds that it is passed on to accomplices unwittingly through unprotected vaginal, anal or oral intimacy.
On the off chance that the contamination stays untreated, it can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes causing pelvic fiery disease (PID) which can cause lasting harm. This can prompt long-term pelvic pain, infertility and ectopic pregnancy which is a perilous condition.
FACTS ABOUT CHLAMYDIA:
- Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium called chlamydia trachomatis that is spread through incidental contact, sexually or orally.
- Affecting both sexes, women can get chlamydia in the cervix, rectum or throat while men can get chlamydia in the urethra (inside the penis), rectum or throat as well.
- Newborn babies can acquire chlamydia from an infected mother during childbirth and while it may not be common, one can get the infection in the eye through oral or genital contact with the eyes.
- Those at the highest risk of infection are sexually active young adults especially women under the age of 25, women with multiple partners and gay men.
- According to healthline.com, infection rates are highest among younger women partly because their immature cervical cells are more vulnerable to infection.
- One of the most common myths about chlamydia is that it cannot be cured. Not so. Antibiotics can be used to rid the body of this infection.
With no obvious signs until some other time in its advancement, the accompanying indications may wind up noticeably observable weeks after contamination.
Men encounter little measures of difficult pee, itching around the opening of the penis and but less normal, torment and swelling in one or the two balls.
Ladies then again encounter abnormal vaginal discharge that may have a scent, seeping between periods, difficult periods, abdominal pain with fever, torment when having sex(dyspareunia), itching or copying in or around the vagina and torment while urinating. In a few examples, the contamination may spread to the Fallopian tubes causing pelvic incendiary illness (PID). The indications of PID incorporate fever, extreme pelvic agony, queasiness and strange vaginal bleeding between periods.
When a person is infected in the anus, the main symptoms are discharge, pain and bleeding from that part of the body.
For those who may have contracted chlamydia orally, one may notice a sore throat, cough or fever.
Doctors use lab tests to determine whether one is infected or not. They may ask you for a urine sample to check for the presence of the bacteria or a vaginal swab in women, and at times a sample from the urethra in men. If one is suspected to have an infection in the throat, that is swabbed too.
Contingent upon the seriousness, the specialist will endorse the suggested dose of anti-toxins which must be taken after to the tee and one should shun sexual action to maintain a strategic distance from reinfection.
Be that as it may, uplifting news is, the disease should clear up in about a week or so after treatment.
Notwithstanding, ladies with serious chlamydia might be put on torment solution and intravenous anti-infection agents (medication given through a vein).
When treatment has initiated it is prudent to be re-tried following three months to make certain the disease is cured.