The Law and Order Index, ranking countries according to the level of security, interviewed people from 182 countries worldwide to determine the most secure country in 2018.
The Gallup’s Law and Order Index asks pertinent questions such as:
In the city or area where you live, do you have confidence in the local police force?
Do you feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where you live?
Within the last 12 months, have you had money or property stolen from you or another household member?
Within the past 12 months, have you been assaulted or mugged?
Here are the five least secure countries on the continent:
South Sudan leads Africa on the index and is third worldwide after Venezuela and Afghanistan.
After its independence from Sudan in 2011, the country has been undergoing one crisis after another. South Sudan is home to a lot of natural resources including oil, but the population is still suffering from poverty, human rights abuses and food insecurity among others.
It scored 54 points on the Law and Order index.
Gabon comes in second in Africa with 55 points.
The country plunged into crisis after the disputed 2016 elections. As part of the crisis, the country’s parliament was burnt down.
Away from the political crisis, there has been increased non-confrontational crimes such as muggings and theft.
According to Amnesty International, there have been arbitrary arrests in Gabon between 2016 and 2017. The activities of the country’s teachers union were suspended due to “disturbance of public order” and some newspapers were shut down over a better part of 2017.
Liberia scored 56 points in the Law and Order Index, placing it third on the continent.
According to the country’s police, there have been increased crimes throughout 2017, some of which include property theft as well as simple and aggravated assault. A recent news report indicated that the operations of the police have been limited due to a number of factors including lack of electricity.
South Africa has one of the highest crime rates in the world. While the rate reduced by 1.8% in 2017, the country is still not as safe.
Some of the most common crimes include murders, sexual assaults and robberies. Such crimes have reduced the trust of the citizens in the police, with some believing that it is futile to report some crimes. Due to this, there has been an increase in hiring of private security.
According to local reports, Botswana crime rates have been increasing over the years, with 2017 being one of the tumultuous years.
Some crimes reported in 2017 included illicit drugs, love killings, road accidents, wildlife poaching and human trafficking.
Although the Botswana police were ranked the best on the continent in 2017, there are still concerns over police brutality in the country.
Botswana scored 61 points on the law and order list.