In Africa, some countries have made huge investments in improving road network and infrastructure to enjoy the benefits thereof, cites the 2017 – 2018 annual Global Competitiveness Report published by the World Economic Forum.
The Global Competitiveness Report index tracks the performance of about 140 countries on 12 pillars of competitiveness, including the quality of road infrastructure development.
Though some African countries have performed poorly, the following African countries are leading the way in terms of the best road quality and infrastructure, overtaking some world economic giants like China, Italy and India.
It is on the top of the list, having the best quality roads infrastructure in Africa and some of the best across the world. Ranked 31 out of 137 countries (with a score of 5.0 out of 7), Nambia beat economic giants like China, India and Italy, who were ranked 42, 55 and 45 respectively. Media reports have attributed Namibia’s progress in road infrastructure to its establishment of its Roads Authority in April 2000 that has paid attention to roads that were hitherto abandoned, contributing to socio-economic development.
Since the 1994 genocide, the Rwandan government has made a large investment in the transport infrastructure with aid from China, Japan, the European Union, among others. Ranked second best in Africa (with a score of 5.0), the country’s primary roads are well maintained. Its national roads both paved and unpaved which are in good conditions stand at 71.4 per cent, according to figures from the Rwandan ministry of infrastructure. This year, the government announced moves to invest more in transport infrastructure in order to “plug domestic road network gaps and stimulate economic growth.”
Though the majority of the population in the country live in abject poverty with the State noted for stifling dissent and mass protests, Eswatini boasts of a good network of tarred roads, making it convenient for tourists to access its various landmarks and attractions. Ranked 39 (with a score of 4.7) and third best in Africa, the country, according to Nations Encyclopaedia, has a good road network with 3,000 kilometers (1,864 miles) of roads, 28 per cent of which was paved by 1997.
Due to its strategic location and its proximity to Europe that enables it to be among the top destinations for tourists, the Moroccan government has over the years invested in rural infrastructure, providing access to water and electricity and of course good roads. The country ranked fourth best in Africa and 52 globally, beating global giants like Italy and Belgium.
The most democratic country in Africa has roads that are in fairly good conditions with safety signs and a network for those who would want to take a tour of the island. It ranked 48 globally with a score of 4.5.