The Mo Ibrahim Foundation has released its 10 th Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG).The latter, which examines developments in governance in 54 countries on the continent over the past decade, overall points to a slight improvement. However remains a major problem: a visible deterioration in the security environment and respect for the rule of law in 33 countries.
Monday, October 3, the Mo Ibrahim Foundation has published the 2016 edition of the Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) . To celebrate its 10 th anniversary, ten years of data on governance in Africa were spent combing the teams of the Foundation, as we learn it.
The index takes into account four categories: human development, sustainable socio-economic opportunities, participation in elections and human rights, and finally security and the rule of law. They are further divided into 14 sub-categories, taking into account a total of 90 indicators. Result? The index points to a slight improvement in the aggregate in the first three categories listed above.
This year, there are leading the ranking of Mauritius, followed by Botswana, Cape Verde, Seychelles and Namibia. In addition, there is a general increase of one point in 37 of 54 countries surveyed – which together host about 70% of the African population. If the trend observed in ten years is the side of Ivory Coast that there is more progress (13 points) since 2006. Togo and Zimbabwe rank second tied with a up 9.7 points. Including progress due to the ” improvements to the rural sector across the continent ,” but also a ” greater emancipation of women .”
However, the trend is particularly alarming in security and the rule of law in 33 of 54 countries surveyed. In two of them, one can even observe a deterioration ” fairly substantial “. According to the Foundation, the chaos that reigns in Libya since the fall of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, there is obviously no stranger. The figures are final. The country, which arrived in mid-table in 2006, it now occupies 51 th place, just ahead of Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and the Central African Republic.
However, the decrease is also significant in six of the country’s top 10 this year. The case of South Africa, the most industrialized country on the continent, appears as particularly alarming. Cited in the report, the Anglo-Sudanese billionaire Mohamed “Mo” Ibrahim, said he was worried that deterioration: ” The four components of the category” safety and rule of law “have deteriorated … This puts a brake to stop the progress of the continent and remains the greatest challenge in the future . ”
Source: 8th floor