in

The History Of Kenya

History & Politics

Here are some key dates in the history of Kenya:

The Cradle of mankind

c. 6 million BC: Evidence in Tugen Hills of a walking ape

c. 4 million BC: A man-like ape (Australopithecus) lives in East Africa

c.2 million, 1.6 million BC: Remains from Lake Turkana show Homo habilis (‘Handy Man’) and Homo erectus (‘Upright Man’), both tool-makers

Traders & migrants

500BC – AD500: Bantu migrants arrive with metalworking skills

c.AD900: Islamic Arabs occupy Mombasa and other coastal ports

c1300s: Swahili community emerges with Arabs and Persians trading inlandFort Jesus, Mombasa, by Zeljko at hr.wikipedia (Transferred from hr.wikipedia)[see page for license], from Wikimedia Commons

1500s: Portuguese sailors build fort posts, including Fort Jesus at Mombasa (see photo opposite)

1700s: Arabs force Portuguese to leave; Kenya coast is ruled by Imam of Oman

Exploration & colonisation

1800s: European missionaries and explorers venture into the heart of Kenya

1888: British East Africa Company sets up its headquarters in Mombasa

1890: The Treaty of Berlin brings Kenya (and Uganda) under British jurisdiction

1920s-30s: British Government offers Kenyan land to white settlers

Nationalism & independence

1940s: Despite fighting for Britain in WWII, Kenyans still have no rights and an underground independence movement forms, which becomes known as the Mau Mau; Jomo Kenyatta is leader of newly-created Kenya Africa Union

1950s: A state of emergency is declared after Mau Mau attacks on settlers and Statue of Jomo Kenyatta, Nairobi, by Rotsee2 (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commonsthousands of Kenyans are killed /imprisoned; emergency rule finally ends in 1960

Loading...

1963: Kenya becomes independent with Jomo Kenyatta as Prime Minister (the photo opposite shows a statue of Kenyatta outside Kenya’s high court)

1978: Kenyatta dies and is succeeded as President by Daniel arap Moi

1990s: International donors demand reforms in Kenya; ‘Saba Saba’ riots sparked by the murder of a leading politician; first multi-party elections held in 1992; economic crisis in 1993; protestors continue to demand constitutional reform, an end to government corruption and enforced removal of ethnic groups from land

2007: Inter-ethnic violence follows a disputed election, leading to a power-sharing government.

2010: A new constitution devolving power to 47 counties approved by the people

Loading...

Written by PH

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

CAPTCHA


This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

10 Nigerian States With Highest Political Assassination In 2015

The Biodiversity Of Wildlife In Ivory Coast