Despite an increase in geopolitical tensions and an upsurge in violence in certain parts of the world, last year saw the overall level of global peacefulness remain steady, according to the latest Global Peace Index report.
Four regions experienced an improvement in peace: Europe, North America, sub-Saharan Africa and Central America and the Caribbean. The remaining five regions – Asia Pacific, South America, Russia and Eurasia, South Asia, and the Middle East and North Africa – saw a deterioration.
Guinea-Bissau and Cote d’Ivoire registered the largest score improvements worldwide. In both cases, this reflects a substantial improvement in the societal safety and security and the ongoing domestic and international conflict domains, due respectively to the holding of credible and predominantly peaceful elections and a decline in the number of attacks by former rebels. Overall, 81 countries became more peaceful while 78 countries were worse off.
The Global Peace Index, issued by the Institute for Economics and Peace, ranks 162 independent states covering 99.6% of the world’s population.
The Global Peace Index is a composite index comprised of 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators that gauge the level of peace in 162 countries. These indicators can be grouped into three broad themes: the level of safety and security in a society, the number of international and domestic conflicts and the degree of militarisation.
The only statistical measure of its kind, the Global Peace Index allows us to understand what makes societies peaceful and what we need to do in order to mitigate violence in the future.
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