Numerous images utilized today by Spain have starting points that, as per custom, extend back for quite a long time. Notwithstanding when not recorded, the myths associated with these images are capable powers for national pride.
For instance, the lion image of León is expected to have been utilized by a Roman army in the first century ad, and the gold shield with four red bars of the kingdom of Aragon and modern Catalonia is related with a ninth century occasion in which the grandson of Charlemagne respected the tally of Barcelona for his courage.
Under the Bourbon dynasty in the 17th and 18th centuries, Spanish flags were generally white and bore versions of the coat of arms that included the Pillars of Hercules with its motto proclaiming “Plus ultra” (“More beyond”) to reflect the discoveries by Spanish explorers. King Charles III decided that Spain should have a flag that was clearly distinguishable from those of other countries. From among the proposals submitted to him he chose unequal horizontal stripes of red-yellow-red with the national arms on the yellow near the hoist. Introduced in 1785, it has continued ever since to be the “core flag” of Spain.
The only exception was the 1931–39 flag of the Spanish Republic, which had equal horizontal stripes of red-yellow-purple.) While the basic flag has remained the same, the arms have been altered a number of times to reflect political conditions.
The simple crowned shield of Castile and León disappeared from the Spanish flag in 1931; in its place an elaborate coat of arms was added to the flag in 1938, during the early days of the fascist regime of General Francisco Franco. It included the eagle of St. John and the yoke and arrow symbols of Franco’s Falangesupporters under the slogan “Una, grande, libre” (“One, great, free”).
That fundamental outline was changed in 1945 and 1977, yet the passing of Franco and the resurgence of Spanish democracy under King Juan Carlos called for another emblem. The present outline dates from December 18, 1981. The essential shields of the old Spanish kingdoms and the Pillars of Hercules are held, however a crown is noticeably shown to respect the part of the government in the advanced Spanish state. The red and gold hues are conventional however have no authority representative understanding.