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Who is to blame for South Sudan’s missed deadline to form unity government?

South Sudan has missed a key deadline to create a transitional government, after the president increased the number of provinces from 10 to 28.

The plan for a unity government was part of a peace deal in August to end the civil war which began in 2013 when President Salva Kiir accused his then-deputy Riek Machar of plotting a coup.

The two sides blame each other for violating the terms of the agreement.

Thousands of people have been killed and millions displaced since 2013.

President Kiir, who said he had “reservations” about the August peace deal, appointed 28 new governors for the new provinces, just as rebel delegates arrived in the capital Juba, to begin work on the new government.

 

The former president of Botswana and head of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission, Festus Mogae, told Al Jazeera the move was one of the many barriers to peace.

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“One important one that has occurred, unfortunate in its timing, is the creation of 28 states because it’s inconsistent with what is envisaged in the [peace] agreement and, therefore, it is not acceptable,” Mr Mogae said.

The United Nations released a report this week, accusing both President Kiir’s forces and Mr Machar’s rebels of mutual killings, including “hundreds of extra-judicial killings, enforced disappearances, gang-rapes, sexual slavery, forced abortion, [and] massive child soldier recruitment”.

Peter Schumann, former director of the UN Mission in Southern Sudan told All Africa he would have been surprised if the transitional government had been established.

“Both parties have different agendas and do not follow their agreements,” Mr Schumann said. “There is no peaceful solution, because both parties are trying to control territory and oil resources.”

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Written by PH

One Comment

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  1. Mogae the Chairperson of JMEC must know that the agreement which signed by the two parties of conflict in South Sudan was not negotiated by the two parties, it was actually the view of the rebels (one ethnic group Nuer)and the International community that were imposed on the government of South Sudan (over 64 tribes )in the name of peace. the view of those ethnic groups who were targeted by the rebels in the greater Upper Nile was not consider in that imposed agreement. the imposed agreement handed over the oil produced states (Dinka Padang areas) to the rebels to rule them as governors which was not acceptable to the citizens of oil produced areas, the Padang Dinka. the only option for that peace to be impelmented is to create new states not to be ruled by the rebels. Mogae mind was changed by rebels who live in UNMISS camps whom he visited in Malakal and Bentiu. Mogae must know that the Padang people cannot be ruled by the rebels who had massacred them.

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