in ,

See Why Women are More Susceptible to the Negative Effects of Alcohol.

We often tend to overindulge over long weekends. But before you reach for the bottle, you might want to read this first.

The effects of alcohol are more dangerous for the female body than the male.

Water retention

Levels of blood alcohol content (BAC) differs around the time of a woman’s menstrual cycle as the body retains more fluid. On average women have between 10 and 15 percent more water content than men and during their period, water retention is even higher.

According to Professor Denis Viljoen, Chairperson of the Foundation for Alcohol Related Research (FARR), the alcohol molecules can enter the brain within half an hour and when there are higher amounts of water in the body, the effects of alcohol are longer lasting.

“As women have higher levels of water in the body than men, they are already more susceptible to the effects of alcohol. Coupled with increased or decreased water retention during different times of the menstrual cycle, women need to be even more aware of the amount of alcohol they consume,” says Viljoen.

Even though men and women may drink the same amounts of alcohol, a woman’s BAC will be much higher due to their bodies metabolising alcohol differently.

Other physiological differences include height, weight and the health effects.

Less liver enzymes

Women metabolise alcohol slower than men as they have less Alcohol Dehydrogenase. This is a liver enzyme that breaks down alcohol before it enters the bloodstream.


It is a common fact that women are usually smaller and lighter than men, further concentrating alcohol in their blood. When a woman of average size consumes one drink, it will have almost the same effect as two drinks do for the average size man.

Women may drink less than men but still experience the same level of impairment.

Higher absorption rates

Another physiological consideration women should be aware of is that they absorb up to 30% more alcohol into their bloodstream than men of the same height and weight who drink the same amount of alcohol.

Women can develop liver damage and other alcohol-related health problems more quickly than men, even though they may be drinking less.

In recent year, Botha recognises that women appear to be consuming larger quantities of alcohol and while they try to keep up with the same quantities of alcohol that men consume, they need to be even more aware of the long lasting effects, due to the basic physiological differences that exist.

The key is to know your personal limits when it comes to consuming alcohol, if you do choose to drink.

At the same time, you need to be aware of the numerous factors that could cause your personal limits to shift, including the physiological differences between men and women.

About ARA

The ARA is an association comprising members that include the major manufacturers of alcohol beverages in South Africa, such as SAB Ltd, members of the SA Liquor Brandowners Association (which include Distell, Brandhouse and KWV amongst others), E Snell & Co Ltd, members of VinPro and members of Wine Cellars SA.

A number of distributors and some retail chains such as Tops and Diamond Liquors have been welcomed as associate members.



Written by How Africa

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

“Nigeria is Now too Difficult to Spell”, Angry Nigerians Blast CNN Over ‘Zuckerberg Visits Sub-Sahara Africa’ Headline

Nigeria Has The Highest Figure Of Students Studying Abroad! 1st in Africa, 10th in the World!!