Bernard Lugan, is an Africanist feared by the French Government but acclaimed everywhere in the world, returned in a book entitled “Myths and manipulations of African history” on the Arab-Muslim slave, the one we never talk in France ..extraits … May 10 since 2006 in France the “national day of memory of the slave trade, slavery and their abolition.” France is also the only state to have declared the slave trade and slavery a “crime against humanity”. It is also the only state to have declared a national day of remembrance and memorial repentance. On this occasion, in the main cities of Britain, many schools have been sensitized to the slave trade. But not a word about the Arab-Muslim slave trade, which is estimated to have killed 17 million slaves, which constitutes the largest contingent of the history of slaves.
The sub-Saharan Africa was the victim of three bills: Trafficking Inter, the Arab-Muslim slave and the Atlantic slave trade. Olivier Petre-Grenouilleau gave the following figures about them: the Atlantic slave or European slave bore of 11 million people; internal or inter deals in 14 million; and the Arab-Muslim milkings of 17 million for the period 650-1920. In total, 42 million Africans were therefore victims of this abhorrent practice.
In France, the freedom of research has taken a heavy blow in 2001 with the unanimous vote, so by all members of “right” and first reading of the law known as “Taubira law.” Finally adopted by the Senate May 10, 2001, she describes the transatlantic, that is to say, the only European deals “crime against humanity”. This law is a real affront to history in that it envisages only one go, which was practiced by only Europeans, whites obviously being the only culprits. Christiane Taubira has also clearly explained his approach by saying that we should not discuss the Arab-Muslim slave trade so that “young Arabs (…) do not carry on their back all the weight of inheritance harms the Arabs! “(L’Express 4 May 2006).
But like it or displease Mrs Taubira, and despite the media terrorism, the Arab-Muslim slave did exist and it is well documented. It began in the eighth century and ended only with the colonization of Africa. In the nineteenth century, the abolition decided unilaterally by the Europeans do not concerna, which caused from Libya to the north, or from Zanzibar to the east, so militarily organized caravans continued to devastate entire regions of ‘south-Saharan Africa.
While the European deals mainly carried on men able to work on plantations, the Arab-Muslim slave first concerna girls (60%) and children (10%). Most often, the boys were emasculated to provide eunuchs guardians of harems. The unfortunate victims must have reached the age of puberty to undergo this cruel operation because it was necessary that their genitalia is clearly visible. As penis and testicles were removed, mortality was significant, hence the high price of eunuchs.
In Sahelian West Africa where the slave devastated southern Chad and to the center of the current Central, trafficking lasted until 1911, until the death of the chief slave Snoussou, killed in battle against French troops.
Red Sea, the slave trade was flourishing and it also to the installation of Britain in Aden in 1839, France in Obock in 1862, then to Djibouti in 1884. In the interior, the raids continued since, in 1888, the single market of Medina, Saudi, 5000 black slaves were sold. These captives were partially peripheral regions of Ethiopia, including the south of the empire where the milking was still important on the eve of the First World War.
In the upper Nile, in 1830, Egypt founded the city of Khartoum which was an important slave center. In the main cities of Egypt, stood fairs on which specialist dealers offered slaves to buyers from across the Middle East. In 1883, 32 “contractors” had set up shop in Cairo. The main catch areas were Bahr el Ghazal (Fashoda area) and Equatoria (north of Lake Albert).
Trafficking Zanzibar ravaged in turn a part of the East and Central Africa, from northern Uganda to Mozambique and the Indian Ocean to the Congo River. It is very well known thanks to numerous testimonies left by European travelers. Pulling the bulk of its revenues from the sale of slaves, the Sultan of Zanzibar had been a body of officials responsible for keeping an accurate account of the number of captives landed on his island. With records of customs perceptions, we know as well as between 1830 and 1873 when it was closed, from 600 000 to 740 000 slaves were sold on the single market of Zanzibar, about 20,000 slaves a year. These figures, which speak only as of the official trade Zanzibar ignore smuggling.