Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is a Zimbabwean revolutionary and politician who is the President of Zimbabwe. As one of the leaders of the rebel groups against white minority rule, he was elected as Prime Minister, head of government, in 1980, and served in that office until 1987, when he became the country’s first executive head of state.He has led the Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU–PF) since 1975.
Mugabe Is The ULTIMATE PAN-AFRICANIST and a CHAMPION of black economic EMPOWERMENT
Mugabe rose to prominence in the 1960s as the Secretary General of ZANU during the conflict against the conservative white minority government of Rhodesia. Mugabe was a political prisoner in Rhodesia for more than 10 years between 1964 and 1974. Upon release Mugabe, along with Edgar Tekere, left Rhodesia in 1975 to re-join the fight during the Rhodesian Bush War from bases in Mozambique.
At the end of the war in 1979, Mugabe emerged as a hero in the minds of many Africans. He won the general elections of 1980 after calling for reconciliation between the former belligerents, including white Zimbabweans and rival political parties, and thereby became Prime Minister on Zimbabwe’s independence in April 1980.
President Robert Mugabe, then NDP publicity secretary (left), M Sipalo (general secretary of UNIP), Dr Joshua Nkomo (NDP president) and Dr Kenneth Kaunda (UNIP president) arrive at Salisbury Airport (Now Harare International Airport) on December 22, 1960.
ZANU was influenced by the Africanist ideas of the Pan Africanist Congress in South Africa and influenced by Maoism while ZAPU was an ally of the African National Congress and was a supporter of a more orthodox pro-Soviet line on national liberation. Similar divisions can also be seen in the independence movement in Angola between the MPLA and UNITA. It would have been easy for the party to split along tribal lines between the Ndebele and Mugabe’s own Shona tribe, but cross-tribal representation was maintained by his partners. ZANU leader Sithole nominated Robert Mugabe as his Secretary General.
After a campaign marked by intimidation from all sides, mistrust from security forces and reports of full ballot boxes found on the road, the Shona majority was decisive in electing Mugabe to head the first government as prime minister on 4 March 1980. ZANU won 57 out of 80 Common Roll seats in the new parliament, with the 20 white seats all going to the Rhodesian Front.
His first wife, First Lady Sally Hayfron, died in 1992 from a chronic kidney ailment. Their only son, Michael Nhamodzenyika Mugabe, born 27 September 1963, died on 26 December 1966 from cerebral malaria in Ghana where Sally was working while Mugabe was in prison. Sally Mugabe was a trained teacher who asserted her position as an independent political activist and campaigner who was seen as Mugabe’s closest friend and adviser.
We just wonder who was designing the almost similar suits these ‘boys’ were putting on? leaders at a conference in Lusaka Zambia Sam Nujoma, Kenneth Kaunda, Samora Machel, Julius Nyerere Robert Mugabe, Jose E. dos Santos
In 1994, during the Premiership of John Major, Mugabe was bestowed an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath by the Queen. It entitles him to use the letters KCB, but not to use the title “Sir.”
Lady Thatcher’s 1982 private papers include a number of brief mentions of figures who would go on to play a significant role in public and political life.They include an early meeting with Robert Mugabe, who had been elected as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980.
Now widely condemned over violent land seizures, Mugabe was at that time still considered a hero by many after his role in the guerrilla movement against white-minority rule. At a lunch held in his honour on 19 May 1982, Lady Thatcher praised HIM for his “friendly and open manner“. She added: “A successful Zimbabwe will undoubtedly contribute to the peace and stability of Central and Southern Africa as a whole, and we wish you and your colleagues well in your endeavours.“
“Nelson Mandela’s renowned and illustrious political life will forever remain a beacon of excellence. Not only was he a great champion of the emancipation of the oppressed, but he also was a humble and compassionate leader who showed selfless dedication to the service of his people,” President Mugabe said in a statement.
South African President Nelson Mandela (C) and his counterparts, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe (L) and Namibia’s Sam Nujoma (R), shake hands after a joint pressconference in Pretoria, 05 March 1999. The three Presidents met in Mandela’s official residence to discuss the crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the renewed fighting in Angola.
On 17 August 1996, Mugabe married his former secretary Grace Marufu. Mugabe and Marufu were married in a Roman Catholic wedding Mass at Kutama College, a Catholic mission school he previously attended. Nelson Mandela and Mugabe’s two children by Grace were among the guests.
Robert Mugabe has three children (one girl and two boys): Bona Mugabe, Robert Peter Mugabe Jr. and Chatunga Bellarmine Mugabe; and one stepson with Grace Mugabe.
South African Talk show host Dali Tambo meet President Mugabe’s family
President Robert Mugabe with his daughter Bona
Famous Quotes By President Mugabe
We have fought for our land, we have fought for our sovereignty, small as we are we have won our independence and we are prepared to shed our blood…. So, Blair keep your England, and let me keep my Zimbabwe.
I will never, never, never, never surrender. Zimbabwe is mine. I am a Zimbabwean. Zimbabwe for Zimbabweans. Zimbabwe never for the British. Britain for the British.
Was it not enough punishment and suffering in history that we were uprooted and made helpless slaves not only in new colonial outposts but also domestically.
Quotes About Mugabe
He believed profoundly in his people, the living as well as the dead. You can say of some Africans that there is a thin veneer of civilisation as we know it in the West. But Mugabe, who was undoubtedly civilised and much better educated than most of us, still held African beliefs very dearly in his heart. I think this is one of the reasons he pushed the white farmers off the land. He was always acutely aware that African beliefs reside in the soil. He always believed very, very strongly that nobody had the right to give or take away the land of the people because that meant giving away the ancestors who held the whole nation together.
Mac McGuiness, as quoted in Heidi Holland, Dinner with Mugabe, Penguin Book
He is a very disciplined man. He treated people with respect. He wasn’t lavish in his lifestyle but he did have clear standards. He dressed well, invariably in a dark suit with a silk tie and matching handkerchief, but without ostentation. He wore a good watch but nothing flashy. You could tell that money and acquisitiveness were not part of his motivation. There was another motive that drove him.
Denis Norman, as quoted in Heidi Holland, Dinner with Mugabe, Penguin Books;
He was a very clever bloke and he worked with me for as long as he thought it was going to help him. Once again, it was just to keep himself in power. I give that answer to all questions about Mugabe because that is all there is to it. Everything he has ever done is about keeping himself in power: Dictators and fascists all over the world think like that.
Ian Smith, as quoted in Heidi Holland, Dinner with Mugabe, Penguin Books;