On a continent where longevity has often become the rule, only his Equatorial Guinean counterpart Teodoro Obiang Nguema is ahead of the charts by a single month.
– Seven African heads of state in power for more than 30 years –
In Guinea-Equatorial Guinea, President Teodoro Obiang Nguema, who headed the country since the coup d’état of 3 August 1979, is the oldest leader on the African continent.
He was followed shortly by José Eduardo dos Santos, in ANGOLA, who took office on 21 September 1979.
In Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe, 92, is the oldest incumbent head of state in the world and the only one in power since his country’s independence in April 1980, first as prime minister and then as president (Over 36 years).
In Cameroon, Paul Biya has been in power for 34 years (6 November 1982).
In CONGO, Denis Sassou Nguesso, cumulates more than 32 years in power. He was president from 1979 to 1992, before returning to the head of the country in 1997 after the civil war. He was re-elected in March 2016, a new law allowing him to run for another term.
In Uganda, Yoweri Museveni has been running the country for over 30 years (January 1986) and was re-elected in February 2016 for a fifth five-year term.
In SWAZILAND, King Mswati III directed the last absolute monarchy of the African continent for 30 years (April 1986).
– Four African heads of state in power for more than 20 years –
In Sudan, Omar al-Bashir has ruled the country for 27 years (June 1989).
In Chad, Idriss Deby Itno has been in power for 26 years (December 1990). He was re-elected last April for a fifth term.
In ERITREA, Issayas Afewerki has been at the head of the State since 1993.
In the GAMBIA, Yahya Jammeh was beaten in the presidential election of 1 December 2016, when he was running for a fifth term. Taken to power 22 years ago by a coup (July 1994), he was elected in 1996 and re-elected every five years since.
The record of political longevity on the African continent remains that of Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, dismissed in 1974 after 44 years of rule.
LIBYA Muammar Gaddafi, who ruled with an iron hand for almost 42 years, was killed on 20 October 2011 after a protest movement that turned into an armed conflict.
The GABONAIS Omar Bongo Ondimba died in June 2009, after more than 41 years in power.
Source: Slate Africa