Ghana is a country with estimated 24.6 million people, comprising dozens of native ethnic groups, such as:
1. The Dagombas, Mamprusi and related peoples in the North.
2. The Akans in the centre and South of the country.
3. The Ga and Adangbe in, around and East of Accra.
4. The Guang peoples in the rain forest.
5. The Gurunsi languages speaking peoples in the far North.
6. The Gonjas in Northern Region.
English is the official language, but the indigenous Twi of the Ashantis,
the Fante language, Frafra, Dangme, Ga, Dagbani, Mampruli, Gonja and Ewe
also have official status and are taught in schools as indigenous (local) languages
in areas where they are predominant.
There are over 100 ethnic groups living in Ghana. The largest are Akan, Moshi-Dagbani, Ewe, and Ga. The Ashanti tribe of the Akan are the largest tribe and one of the few societies in West Africa where lineage is traced through the mother and maternal ancestors.
The Akan people live in Akanland, and are one of the few matrilineal
societies in West Africa. The matrilineal system of the Akan continues
to be economically and politically important.
The Akan are noted for their expertise in several forms of craftwork,
particularly their weaving, wood carving, ceramics, fertility dolls,
metallurgy and kente cloth).
The various Akan groups speak various dialects of the Akan language,
a language rich in proverbs, and the use of proverbs is considered
to be a sign of wisdom.
The Dagomba speak Dagbani language (Dagbane). The Dagomba reside in Dagbon Northern Ghana.
For centuries, the area inhabited by Dagomba peoples has been the scene of movements
of people engaged in conquest, expansion, and north-south and east-west trade.
Many terms from Arabic, Hausa and Dyula are seen in the Dagbani language,
due to the importance of trans-saharan trade and West African trade and the historic
impact that the Islamic religion has had in the area.
The Ewe people occupy southeastern Ghana and parts of neighboring Togo and Benin.
EWEs, the thefounder of a community becomes its chief and is usually succeeded by
his paternal relatives. Coastal Ewe depend on the fishing trade, while inland Ewe are
usually farmers and keep livestock.
The Adangbe inhabit the eastern plain, while the Ga groups occupy the western portions of the Accra coastlands.
Both languages are derived from a common root language, and modern Ga and Adangbe languages are still similar today.