A new law in Morocco criminalising violence against women goes into effect on Wednesday, in what critics say is merely a first step in the right direction.
Approved by parliament in February the new law bans forced marriages and imposes tougher penalties on perpetrators of various types of violence committed both in the private and public spheres, including rape, sexual harassment and domestic abuse.
Locally known as Hakkaoui law after family affairs and women’s issues minister Bassima Hakkaoui, the legislation also declares the definition of sexual harassment, including unsolicited acts, statements or signals of a sexual nature, delivered in person, online or via telephone.
Those found guilty of violating the law face prison terms ranging from one month to five years and fines from $200 to $1,000.
While welcoming the law, critics say it stops short of addressing the full repertoire of crimes.
More specifically, the legislation does not explicitly outlaw marital rape or spousal violence, and does not provide a precise definition of domestic violence, leaving women vulnerable.
The law also fails in providing financial assistance for survivors and does not define the government’s role in providing support and services to victims, Human Rights Watch group said in a press release.
Violence against Moroccan women remains widespread and a largely taboo subject in the country, according to research data.
In 2009, a national survey reported that 62.8 percent of women had experienced physical, psychological, sexual or economic abuse.
Of the sample interviewed, 55 percent reported “conjugal” violence and 13.5 percent reported “familial” violence.
It also became a hot issue last August after a video was posted on the internet showing a young woman on a bus being sexually molested by a group of boys while the driver or others passengers failed to react to her appeals for help.
This sent shockwaves throughout the country and intensified calls for more to be done in the country to help women.