Others prominent on the chart are Tanzania, Kenya, Sudan, Mauritius, Egypt and South Africa.
India’s pharmaceutical exports to Africa increased from $247.64 million in 2000 to $3.5 billion in 2014.
But medical tourism by Africans to India was said to be on the increase due to poor facilities on the continent.
According to a 2013 statistics (the latest available) released by the New Delhi-based Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), of 275,271 tourist arrivals in India, Nigeria accounted for 34,522.
The report showed that 42.4 per cent of 34, 522 Nigerians, who visited India, came for medical treatment.
The breakdown of African tourist arrivals in India and medical treatment percentage is as follows: Tanzania-23,345(18.5 per cent); Kenya- 40,484(9.2 per cent); Sudan-8,778(9.1 per cent); Mauritius-27,418(5.1 per cent); Egypt-15,062(1.1 per cent); South Africa-58,023 (0.9 per cent) and others-67,639 (13.9 per cent).
The report said: “India, known mostly for its cost-effective medical treatment with high standards in cardiology, orthopedics, nephrology, oncology and neuro-surgery, is suitable for an average African customer, who can’t afford to purchase high-end products from the West.
“Share of African tourist arrivals in India was 3.95 per cent in 2013, of which 14.2 per cent tourists came for medical treatment, mainly from Nigeria, Tanzania, Kenya, Sudan, Mauritius, Egypt and South Africa.”
It explained why Africans come to India for medical treatment.
The report added: “For want of expertise in medical services, finance and governance, health infrastructure in Africa is facing problems.
“India is one of the top destinations for medical tourism due to favourable climatic conditions, availability of herbal medicines and high quality super speciality hospitals.
“Traditional and alternative medicines, such as Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga and Homeopathy facilitate medical tourism.”
To save cost, medical groups in India have been encouraged to set up hospitals and health centres in Africa.
The report said: “Indian entities have also been engaged in setting up health infrastructure facilities within Africa.
“In 2003, Apollo group of hospitals was the first private hospital to offer its consultancy services to hospitals in West Africa, Ghana and Nigeria.
“Apollo has been the project consultant for setting up a 100-bed multi-speciality hospital in Ghana.”
On pharmaceutical exports to Africa, the report showed significant increase in the last 14 years.
It added: “It is evident from our analysis that India’s exports of pharmaceutical products to Africa has been significantly growing from $247.64 million in 2000 to $3.5 billion in 2014.
“At present, India’s exports of formulation to Africa are almost five times higher that that of the bulk drugs.
“From the statistics, India is exporting pharmaceutical products mainly to Eastern region of Africa (40 per cent), followed by Western (25 per cent ) and Southern (22 per cent) in 2014.”