According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 1.2 million people are currently HIV-infected in the U.S., and as many as 12.8 percent (1 in 8 people) remain unaware of their infection.
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. This virus destroys the CD4 cells, also called T cells, of the immune system.
If not medically treated, HIV poses the threat of progressing to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). AIDS is a deadly disease that severely undermines the immune system to the point of failure, leaving it unable to fight fatal infections and cancers.
HIV is most commonly transmitted through semen, pre-seminal discharge, anal discharge, vaginal discharge and blood.
The most common ways the HIV virus may enter your body are through high-risk sexual behavior and exposure through injection or infusion.
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