Yet, this isn’t the circumstance in most African nations. Aside from grappling with the sexual orientation pay hole, ladies still don’t have an indistinguishable selection of occupations from men, as a few employments are by law saved for men as it were.
This was contained in the 2018 version of the World Bank publication, Women, Business and the Law that concentrated on lawful confinements on female work. It found that internationally, the sex work hole existed in 104 out of 189 economies.
Over 2.7 billion women are legally restricted from certain jobs for reasons that they are deemed hazardous, “morally inappropriate” or arduous. Others cannot even work at night.
Here are some of the job restrictions that are deemed surprising in these selected African countries:
In this West African country, women are not allowed to work at night in gas works as part of the night-time restrictions. While women continue to be change-makers in the oil and gas industry, the sector is still overwhelmingly male in Nigeria, one of the largest oil producing country with about 2.4 million barrels a day.
Apart from not being allowed to share the same night hours as men, women managers are still in the minority in the world’s oil and gas companies, according to surveys.
Women can’t work in the electricity generation sector in this country as such a job is deemed dangerous for them. This is worrying, considering the strides women are making in such a sector in many other countries.
Besides, there is the growing concern over the lack of electricity in many areas in Madagascar which has had a toll on the economy and keeping foreign investment from flowing in. As at last year, the country was only generating half of its official capacity, due to years of neglect and insufficient maintenance.
Women in Egypt may work outside the home, go to school and are free to vote and contest elections.
But they still lag behind in terms of education and the labour market.
Media reports say that women are four times more likely to be unemployed than men.
According to the World Bank publication, these women are restricted from working with fertilisers and insecticides as such jobs are seen as hazardous for them, particularly, with regard to their reproductive capacity. This comes amidst calls for greater women’s rights and the need to elevate their status in the society.
Some of the jobs, according to the report, are seen as too physically tough for women. Hence, in Guinea, women are not allowed to use certain tools in the course of work.
Essentially, they are barred from working with certain types of hammers. This can be equated with the recent update of Ivorian laws which stops women from doing “work that exceeds the ability and physical capacity of women, or work that presents dangers which are likely to undermine their morality, for example, working underground or in the mines”.