1: The Queen Mother Yaa Asantewaa:
Yaa Asantewaa was the queen mother of the tribe Edweso of Ashanti in what is modern Ghana. She was a fighter exceptional courage which in March 1900, raised and led an army of thousands of men against the British colonial forces and their efforts to enslave the Ashantiand seize the golden stool, spiritual symbol , unity and sovereignty of the nation Ashanti .
Queen Mother Yaa Asantewaa (c.1840-October 17, 1921)
2: Ahosi or Mino (The Dahomey Amazons):
The Ahosi were well trained and had a very aggressive attitude. They were fierce fighters and had a reputation for beheading the soldiers in the midst of the battle, as well as those who had the misfortune to become their captives.
Seh-Dong-Hong-Beh was one of the great leaders of the Mino . In 1851, she led an army of 6,000 women against the fortress Egba of Abeokuta . Because the Mino were armed with spears, bows and swords while Egbas had European cannons, only 1200 survived the battle.
The European encroachment in West Africa accelerated in the second half of the nineteenth century. In 1890, King Béhanzin used his fighters Mino to male soldiers to fight alongside the French forces during the First Franco-Dahomean War. The French army lost many battles against them because of the skill of female warriors in battle.
3: The Queen Nanny of the Maroons:
Queen Nanny , Jamaican national hero, was a well-known leader of the Jamaican Maroons in the eighteenth century. Nanny was kidnapped in Ghana, West Africa as a child and was enslaved in Jamaica. Growing up, she was influenced by the ” Neg Mawons ” and other African leaders enslaved. The Maroons were enslaved blacks who fled the oppression of plantations and formed their own communities within Jamaica.
Nanny and his brothers fled the plantation and hid themselves in the region Blue Mountains .From there they led several revolts across Jamaica. Queen Nanny was a very smart respected spiritual leader, who played a role in the organization plans to release the enslaved Africans.
For over 30 years, it freed more than 800 slaves and helped them settle in the Maroon communities. She defeated the British in many battles and despite repeated attacks by British soldiers, the village of Nanny called Nanny Town , Brown remained under control for several years.
Queen Nanny (c 1685 -. 1755 c.)
4: Harriet Tubman:
Harriet Tubman was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the American Civil War. Born a slave, Harriet Tubman escaped to Philadelphia in 1849, then returned to Maryland immediately to save his family.
She then made more than 19 missions to rescue more than 300 slaves using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the ” Underground Railroad .” Later, she helped recruit men for the raid of John Brown at Harpers Ferry on 16 and 18 October 1859, to free slaves.
In June 1863 Harriet Tubman became the first woman to lead an armed expedition in the civil war. She guided the raid Combahee River , which liberated more than 700 slaves in South Carolina: the greatest liberation of slaves in American history.
H arriet Tubman (born Araminta Harriet Ross, 1820 – March 10, 1913)
5: Assata Olugbala Shakur:
Assata Shakur is an African-American activist who was a member of the Black Panther Partyand the Black Liberation Army between 1971 and 1973. Assata worked through the BPP and the BLA to struggle against racial oppression, social, and economic, but became the target of COINTELPRO program against-revolutionary US government. This program used a variety of tactics, including coaching, false imprisonment and assassination of leaders to disrupt the radical movement.
On 2 May 2013, the FBI announced that they had increased the bounty on the head ofAssata Shakur 2 million and placed it on its list of “Most Wanted Terrorists”, making her the first woman to be so designated and effectively criminalizing the time of freedom struggle of the blacks.
Other evidence proved was no weapon found residue on her hands, nor any of his fingerprints were not found on the weapons that were on the scene ??. Nevertheless, Assata Shakur was convicted by an all-white jury and sentenced to life in prison.
Assata Shakur (born July 16, 1947)
6: Kandakes Amanirenas:
Amanirenas (also spelled Amanirena ) was one of the largest kandakes or queen mothers, who ruled Meroitic kingdom of Kush . It reigned between 40 and 10 BC. When the Roman Emperor Augustus imposed a tax in the Kushite 24, Amanirenas and son Akinidad , led an army of 30,000 men to ransack the Roman fort of the Egyptian city of Aswan . They also destroyed the statues of Caesar at Elephantine .
Under the orders of Augustus, the Roman general Petronius replied, but met strong resistance from of Amanirenas and his troops. After more than three years of hard fighting, the two sides negotiated a peace treaty. The Romans agreed to send their army in Egypt to withdraw their fort, to return the land to the Kushite and cancel the tax.
The courageous warrior queen, Amanirenas is known for his fight to the loyal, side by side with his own soldiers. She was blind in one eye after being wounded by a Roman. However, the magnitude of the Roman humiliation has not been disclosed because the Kushite account of the war, written in Meroitic script, has not been fully decoded.
Amanirenas (Dead v. 10 front-JC)
7: Carlota Lukumí:
She was bright, musical, intelligent and determined. In 1843, she and another female slave named Fermina led a rebellion organized at the sugar plantation Triumvarato . Fermina was imprisoned after his plans for rebellion were discovered. Using talking drums to communicate secretly, Carlota and her comrades freed Fermina and dozens of others, and continued to lead a well-organized armed uprising against at least five brutal slave plantations in the region.The courageous struggle of Carlota lasted a year before it was only captured, tortured and executed by Spanish landowners.
Carlota Lukumí (died in 1844)
8: Queen Nzinga Mbande:
Queen Nzinga Mbande was a very intelligent and powerful leader of the seventeenth century the kingdoms of Ndongo and Matamba (modern Angola). Towards the end of the seventeenth century, Nzinga courageously and intelligently fought for the freedom of his kingdoms, the Portuguese who colonized Central Africa to control the trade in human beings in Africa.
To increase the military power of his kingdom, Nzinga offered asylum to fugitive slaves and African troops trained by the Portuguese. She lifted the rebellion among the people still inNdongo , then ruled by the Portuguese. Nzinga also formed an alliance with the Dutch against the Portuguese. However, their combined forces are not sufficient to drive the Portuguese.After a new strategic withdrawal to Matamba , Nzinga began to focus on the development of the kingdom as commercial power and gateway to the interior of Central Africa. On the death of Nzinga in 1661 at the age of 81, Matamba became a powerful kingdom that managed to resist the Portuguese colonization attempts for an extended period. His kingdom was not built in Angola at the end of the nineteenth century.
Queen Nzinga Mbande (c 1583 -. December 17, 1663)
9: The priestesses Nyabingi Muhumusa and Kaigirwa:
She organized resistance against German colonialists and was eventually imprisoned by the British in Kampala, Uganda, from 1913 to his death in 1945. She became the first in a line of priestesses rebels fighting against colonial domination in the name of Nyabingi , and even after being imprisoned, she inspired a vast popular appeal. The British adopted a law on witchcraft in 1912 in direct response to the political effectiveness of this resistance movement based on spirituality.
In August 1917, the ” Nyabinga ” Kaigirwa followed in the footsteps of Muhumusa , and led the revolt Nyakishenyi , with the support of the unanimous people. British officials put a price on his head, but nobody wanted to claim it. After the British attacked the Congo camp Kaigirwa in January 1919, killing most of the men, Kaigirwa and the main body of fighters managed to escape the army.
However, the British captured the sacred white sheep and burned before a convocation of the principal leaders. After this act, a series of disasters afflicted the district commissioner who had killed the sheep. His flocks were destroyed, the roof gave way and a mysterious fire broke out in his house. Kaigirwa attempted another uprising, then went into the hills, where it was never captured.
Priestess Nyabingi Muhumusa (died 1945) and Kaigirwa (unknown dates)
She became a competent English and became aware of the handling and operation of firearms. In 1828 Tarenorerer returned to his country in the north of Tasmania, where she meets a group of men and women of many groups to wage war against European invaders.Forming his warriors to the use of firearms, she ordered them to hit the Tawin luta (white men) when they were most vulnerable, from the moment their weapons were unloaded and before they are able to recharge.
It also asked them to kill sheep and oxen Europeans. GA Robinson , who was responsible for collecting the Aborigines, was informed by hunters that Tarenorerer standing on a hill ?? to organize the attack, settlers and abused challenged them to come to them and be pierced.
Source: Atlanta Blackstar , Translate by team Ojal