Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique, is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. It is separated from Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The capital and largest city is Maputo (known as “Lourenço Marques” before independence).
Maputo, the capital, is close to coast in the south. The Mozambican terrain ranges from forests and swamps to mountains, grasslands, sand dunes, and beaches.
Population: 25.83 million (2013)
President: Filipe Nyusi
Prime Minister: Carlos Agostinho do Rosário
Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
Official Language: Portuguese
Interesting Facts About Mozambique
Here are ten more facts about Mozambique that many people will find interesting….
1. MATRILINEAL AND PATRILINEAL
The country practices two distinct inheritance systems: one in the north and the other in the south. The ethnic groups north of the Zambezi River are semi-nomadic. They are the one that are matrilineal. South of the Zambezi, it is the very opposite. There, they are patrilineal.
2. SMALL LAND, MANY USERS
Unlike some other countries where many are more interested in white-collar jobs, more people in Mozambique are interested in farming than the land can accommodate. Only 5% of the total land area of Zimbabwe is arable. But a whopping 80% of the people engage in agriculture!
3. A “CHOPI” HOPPY DANCE
There is a very popular local dance called chopi. The dance is especially popular and loved by the people because of the colorful costume. In it, the dancers wear lion skin costumes. And the dance itself entails hopping around on tall stilts. It obviously requires long practicing to hop on such stilts without falling.
4. GOOD FOR SCRABBLE
The country name is a favorite for scrabble players. Picking scrabble tiles that spell Mozambique is a big score for a player. On the scrabble board, Mozambique is the country with one-word name that scores the highest. It scores 34 points while Kyrgyzstan scores 30.
5. AK47 ON FLAG
The national flag of every country displays something that symbolizes something important for the country. Mozambique is no exception. Mozambique is the only country displaying a modern weapon on its national flag. It is a Kalashnikov AK47. Certainly, that must symbolize something. Talk about modernity!
6. HALF YOUNG, HALF OLD
Going by the words of analysts of countries’ economies, Mozambique’s economy should become vibrant in a few years to come. This is because one of the paradigms such analysts consider is the age grade of each country. The entire Mozambican population is under the age of 17!
7. EARLY CHILD BIRTH
One good reason for the population being so young is early age child bearing. Mozambique is one country where women seem to be in big hurry to have their children. Over 50% of Mozambican women have their first child before they turn 19!
8. NAME HAS A-E-I-O-U
The name of the country is unique in yet another way. And this might take a careful looking to grasp. And kids especially would love to know it. Mozambique is the only country with one-word name that has all the five vowels of the alphabet MOZAMBIQUE. Is that a scoop or what!
9. MANY DIRT RUNWAYS
The country may have a small landscape compared to other African countries. But the country ranks high in a number of things. One of those things is in the number of places where aircraft can land. Mozambique has 147 airports/airstrips. However…only 22 of them have tarred runways!
10. DEEP IN SPIRITUALISM
Involvement in spiritualistic practices and belief in spiritualism are very rife in Mozambique. For example, every death in Mozambique is connected with witchcraft of evil spirit. And men are not allowed to drop a tear when someone dies. Men weeping when a death occurs is like a taboo.