In its 8th report on the economic situation of Côte d’Ivoire, the World Bank recommended that the country solve the mobility challenges in Abidjan, to transform the strong urban growth into development assets.
According to Jacques Morisset, the main author of the report, mobility problems will increase if nothing is done, and the solutions will become more and more difficult to implement.
More than 10 million people move daily in Abidjan, spending on average, for each household 1075 FCFA, or $ 1.8, noted the World Bank. The institution adds that more than $ 4 billion is spent daily on transportation, making it the third largest household expense (after food and shelter). Transportation spending accounted for 5% of GDP in 2017.
Residents of remote neighborhoods are the most penalized because their movements are longer (78 minutes per trip compared to an average of 33 minutes). In addition, the total cost of transport can absorb up to 30% of the incomes of poor households while it represents only 5% of the budget of the richest households.
“This is a report that reflects the realities we live in Côte d’Ivoire. It is obvious that the poor spend more than the rich in transport, it is paradoxical, but they are the ones who move the most, and over long distances “ commented an agent of the Ministry of Planning and Development, Afrikmag .
In this eighth report released Thursday, the World Bank has proposed several avenues for improving urban transport and succeeding the Greater Abidjan project.