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“HowAfrica” Wishes Republic of Cape Verde Happy Independence Day

HowAfrica joined the entire Africans home and diaspora to celebrate with the people of Republic of Cape Verde on this Independence Day Celebration.

The Republic of Cape Verde celebrates its independence day on July 5 to commemorate the grand occasion of achieving freedom from the Portuguese in 1975.

Cape Verde, or Cabo Verde, is a nation on a volcanic archipelago off the northwest coast of Africa. It’s known for its Creole Portuguese-African culture and morna music. Its many beaches are jumping-off points for windsports and diving among shipwrecks. Its largest island, Santiago, is home to the current capital, Praia, and the old capital, Cidade Velha, with its clifftop fortress.

Why is July 5 significant in the history of Cape Verde?

Until the arrival of Portuguese in 1446, Cape Verde was an uninhabited archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean. When the Portuguese arrived they settled in the region of Santiago which they named Ribeira Grande, and soon this quiet archipelago became a slave outpost, where slaves were brought to work in cotton plantations.

The island officially became a Portuguese colony in 1495, and only got an overseas territory status in 1951, an era that saw the rise of many nationalist movements in Africa. In 1961, a nationalist thinker, Amilcar Cabral along with Guinea-Bissauans (Guinea Bissau was another Portuguese colony, and was known as Portuguese Guinea at the time) founded the PAIGC or Partido Africano da Independencia da Guine e Cabo Verde – the African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde.


After some political success PAIGC, the party moved its headquarter Conakry, Guinea in 1960s, and organized an armed revolt against the Portuguese authorities. In the following years such attacks grew, and finally Portuguese Guinea gained its independence in 1975. Following Portuguese Guinea’s liberation PAIGC became an active force in Cape Verde, and in late 1974 Portuguese government signed an agreement for transitional government. Cape Verde finally became a sovereign nation on July 5, 1975.

Capital: Praia
President: Jorge Carlos Fonseca
Prime minister: Ulisses Correia e Silva
Currency: Cape Verdean escudo
Official language: Portuguese

Written by PH

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