The quantity of children who get tainted with HIV each year is going down. Toward the finish of 2015, 2.6 million youngsters all through the world ages 15 and more youthful were living with the infection, yet just around 33% of them were getting treatment. Guardians should notice how youngsters are dealt with
Most instances of childhood HIV and AIDS are in sub-Saharan Africa, the southern part. It’s the main source of death among preteens and adolescents there. HIV, the infection that causes AIDS, harms your immune framework, so you can’t battle contaminations and a few tumors well.
Be that as it may, with the correct blend of drugs and cherishing support, kids with HIV can grow up to live long, satisfying lives.
Most children who have HIV got it from their mother when she was pregnant, during the birth process, or from breastfeeding. Women who are tested, and then stick with treatment if they’re positive, greatly lower the chance of passing the virus to their babies. This is the best way to prevent HIV in children.
Children can be infected through sexual abuse or rape. In some countries, child marriages are culturally accepted, and a young girl could get HIV from her older husband, and then pass it to her babies, too. The younger a child is when they first have sex, the higher their chances of getting HIV are.
Transfusions of HIV-positive blood or injections with unsterilized needles could infect children in poorer countries. The U.S. and Western European countries have medical safeguards to prevent this problem.
Not all children with HIV will have symptoms, and those that do won’t have exactly the same ones. Symptoms can vary by age.
Some of the more common are:
- Failure to thrive, which means not gaining weight or growing like doctors expect
- Not having the skills or doing the things doctors expect a child that age would (not reaching developmental milestones)
- Brain or nervous system problems such as seizures, trouble walking, or doing poorly in school
- Being sick often with childhood illnesses such as an ear infection, a cold, an upset stomach, or diarrhea
As with adults, when an HIV infection advances, kids start to develop infections that rarely affect healthy people but can be deadly for someone whose immune system isn’t working well. These “opportunistic infections” include:
- Pneumocystis pneumonia, a fungal infection of the lungs
- Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
- A kind of lung scarring called lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis (LIP)
- Oral thrush or severe diaper rash from a yeast infection
Kids get same treatment as adults: a mix of solutions called ART (antiretroviral treatment). Yet, it isn’t that straightforward, in light of the fact that some HIV drugs don’t arrive in a fluid shape that infants and little kids can swallow. What’s more, a few medications cause genuine symptoms for kids.
Without ART, 33% of HIV-positive newborn children worldwide won’t make it to their first birthday celebration, and half beyond words they’re 2. More established children who don’t have indications can take ART to help keep them sound. With ART, intricacies from HIV or deft diseases – like loss of hunger, looseness of the bowels, and coughs and colds – – can be dealt with.