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How an Ethiopia dam caused Kenya water shortage

Addis Ababa (AFP) – An enormous recently built Ethiopian dam is reducing the supply of water to Lake Turkana in northern Kenya, rights assemble Human Rights Watch said on Tuesday.

The Gibe III dam, alongside a network of sugar plantation, has brought about the profundity of Lake Turkana to drop by 1.5 meters from its past levels since the dam’s store started filling in 2015, as per a HRW report.

In a part in Turkana, the world’s biggest desert lake, the shore has subsided by almost two kilometers, debilitating the occupations of fishing groups.

“Ethiopia is in such a rush to develop its resources that these downstream individuals, who are completely marginalised, just aren’t part of the equation,” said Felix Horne, a HRW researcher

Built at a cost of 1.5 billion euros ($1.6 billion), Gibe III is the third-most capable dam in Africa and the most astounding, at 243 meters (800 feet) in tallness.

The dam, which has as of now brought about some contention, is required to twofold the electricity output of Ethiopia.

The nation was the continent’s quickest developing economy in 2015, yet GDP is expected to be affected because of a progression of anti-government protests that focused on foreign investments, and to a continuous dry spell.

The UN cultural body UNESCO have denounced Gibe III, saying they fear the dam will staunch the Omo River, which gives 80 percent of the water stream into Lake Turkana.

HRW has likewise criticized Ethiopia’s government for evacuating individuals along the waterway to clear a path for sugar plantations.

Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn disregarded criticism of the dam in a speech while inaugurating the project, saying Gibe III fulfilled Ethiopia’s energy demands and enabled it to export electricity.

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