Queen Elizabeth II succeeded to the throne on 6 February 1952 following the death of her father, King George VI. She became the longest-reigning living monarch on 13 October 2016, upon the death of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand.
During Her Majesty’s record-breaking reign there have been 12 British Prime Ministers, seven Roman Catholic popes and she has met 12 out of the last 13 US presidents.
The Queen is the last surviving head of state to have served during the Second World War, and in 1981 survived an assassination attempt.
Here are some historical photos detailing moments of her life as she turns 95 today April 21.
Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary of York was born by Caesarean.
She was the first monarch to be born in a private house.
On October 13, 1940, Elizabeth made her first radio broadcast, joined by sister Margaret, with a scripted message for youngsters living abroad
Elizabeth on her 21st birthday in Cape Town, making the broadcast in which she pledged a lifetime of service
Elizabeth with Prince Philip on their honeymoon at the Broadlands estate, Hampshire, in 1947
Despite her father’s ill health, Elizabeth and Philip embarked on a North American tour and met with President Harry Truman
The birth of Prince Charles on November 14, 1948
Some other photos below.