Here’s A List Of The Top 10 Smallest Countries In Africa

Africa is one of the biggest and most populous continents in the world. The continent has 53 nations out of which Seychelles is Africans Smallest country with just an area of 455 sq. Km. There are few inhabitants in each of these countries. The size of each nation is given in or kilometers starting from the smallest country.

Top Ten Smallest Countries in Africa

Country Size
1. Seychelles 27,830 km2
2. Sao Tome and Principe 26,798 km2
3. Mauritius 23,200 km2
4. Comoros 17,364 km2
5. Cape Verde 10,380 km2
6. Gambia 4,033 km2
7. Swaziland 2,235 km2
8. Djibouti 2, 040 km2
9. Rwanda 964 km2
10. Burundi 451 km2

As you will find out from the article some of the top ten Smallest Countries in Africa, there are some as big as some cities or towns in other parts of the world.

10. Burundi – 27,830 km2

Africans smallest country

The Central African nation of Burundi is bordered by Rwanda, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Other than being one of the top ten smallest countries in Africa, it is one of the least developed countries in Africa with an income of just $818 per person annually.

Much of the population works in agriculture, and more than half lives below the poverty line. Only 2% of the population can access bank, and there is almost no telecommunication.  Of the total arable land, just 600 square kilometers of forest remains in the country, and it is rapidly reducing because of clearcutting for agriculture. In 2016 Burundi was named the saddest nation in the world because of poverty, hunger, corruption, low health and education services.

9. Rwanda – 26,798 km2

Rwanda is a landlocked country in Africa. Despite its small size, it has approximately 11 million inhabitants. The tiny is one of the most densely populated countries in the continent. About 2 million people became refugees in 1994 due to the genocide.

The country remains one of the poorest countries in Africa.  However, it has recovered remarkably from this black page in its history.  One of the fastest growing sectors in the country is tourism as it is seen as a safe country despite its dark past. The highlight of tourism is spotting mountain gorillas in their habitat.

8. Djibouti – 23,200 km2

The country is in the Horn of Africa next to the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea with Somalia Eritrea and Ethiopia as neighbors. The population is mostly Islamic and use two official languages: Arabic and French.  Services are the main GDP contributors to the economy making up more than half of the total GDP.  The economy of the Eighth Smallest Countries in Africa is growing rapidly despite the lack of natural resources and inadequate rainfall.  The country still has a lot to do with an average income of just $3,351 in 2016.


7. Swaziland – 17,364 km2

Swaziland’s neighbors are Mozambique and South Africa.  It is a monarchy, with King Mswati III as the ruler. Much of the population enjoy a lower-middle income of nearly $10,000 per person.  The country’s economy relies on manufacturing and services, with agriculture and mining only constituting 13% of the economy.  It is affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, with approximately 25% of the adult population being infected.

6. Gambia – 10,380 km2

Senegal surrounds the Gambia apart from its Atlantic Ocean coast. Almost of its population of 1,900,000 lives below the international poverty line hence one of the poorest and smallest countries in Africa and is the smallest mainland country in the continent.  The country’s long-serving president was replaced at the beginning of 2017.  The citizens can only hope that the new president will govern and steer the country to a better future for all of them.

5. Cape Verde – 4,033 km2

It is the largest of the African island states with a population of 525,000.  The former Portuguese colony gained independence in 1975.   It is not endowed with natural resources. However, it has a strong and growing economy. The United Nations gave it the designation of Developing Nation in 2007, instead of Least Developed Nation.  It has attracted a lot of development aid and foreign investment because of the stable government. It is one of the top renewable energy countries globally.

4. Comoros – 2,235 km2

The nation is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean.  The country lies Mozambique and Madagascar. It’s one of the poorest countries in Africa with an estimated 800,000 inhabitants and half of them live under the poverty line of $1.25 per day. Since 1975 the country has suffered 20 attempted coups.  The population is rapidly increasing and a very limited area for agriculture, things might get out of control again.

3. Mauritius 2, 040 km2

The African island nation is located roughly 2000 km off the southeast coast of Africa. With several islands, most of the inhabitants live on Mauritius itself. The country has one of the highest purchasing power per person in the continent at $18,728.  It has no natural resources, but it boasts of a well-developed tourism industry.   With a stable government, the country has focused on economic growth that has attracted significant foreign investments.

2. São Tomé and Príncipe -964 km2

The state consists of two parts: the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe. São Tomé and Principe are both 225-250 km off the coast of West Africa. The island nation has a population of 190,000, with the majority inhabiting São Tomé.  It is on record as the smallest Portuguese-speaking country in the world.  The country is currently trying to develop its petroleum industry in collaboration with Nigeria.

1. Seychelles -451 km2

smallest countries in Africa

The Republic of Seychelles is recorded as the smallest African country. With only 92,000 inhabitants in 115 islands, it is the smallest sovereign nation in the continent.

The Seychelles boasts the highest GDP per capita in Africa. However, many people are still poor because of the extremely high inequality in the archipelago. The country is dependent on tourism, and almost half of the population works in the tourism industry.


These are and as small as some of them may be, they are trying to flourish economically and socially.  Some of the countries have suffered civil strife and are working to gain their footing.  One such Africans smallest country is Rwanda which is in the process of healing and is developing as one of the continent’s fastest growing economies.


Written by How Africa

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