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Here are 10 World Heritage Sites Around Africa You Must See

The continent is home to a multitude of world heritage sites. Ethiopia and Morocco are home to the most with nine sites; followed by Tunisia and South Africa at eight sites; and Algeria, Egypt, Senegal, and Tanzania at seven. Eleven countries have only a single site each. We can’t of course name them all but here’s a selection of a few breathtaking sites from across Africa.

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The Great Zimbabwe National Monument

World Heritage Day incidentally also coincides with Zimbabwe’s Independence Day so we begin with one of the nation’s leading heritage sites. The city, now in ruins, was an important trading center between the 11th and 15th centuries, and was capital of the Bantu civilisation.

Goree Island, Senegal, located off the Western African coast, was where slaves were taken after being captured to be put on ships bound for Cuba, Brazil, and the United States. Photograph taken during Joint Task Force Liberia.

Goree Island, Senegal, located off the Western African coast, was where slaves were taken after being captured to be put on ships bound for Cuba, Brazil, and the United States. Photograph taken during Joint Task Force Liberia.

Island of Gorée, Senegal

The island was the largest slave-trading center on the African coast from the 15th to the 19th century.

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Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove, Nigeria

The dense forests are one of the final remnants of high forests in southern Nigeria. It is the last sacred grove of the Yoruba culture.

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Amphitheatre of El Jem, Tunisia

The Amphitheatre of El Jem, built during the 3rd century, is North Africa’s largest amphitheatre, and the largest one built outside of Italy, with a capacity of 35,000 spectators, and “illustrates the grandeur and extent of Imperial Rome.”

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Old Towns of Djenné, Mali

Inhabited since 250 BCE, the city was an important link in the trans-Saharan gold trade. It contains 2,000 traditional houses.

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Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania

The volcanic massif Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest point at 5,895 metres(19,341 ft), and is surrounded by a park with savanna and forest featuring numerous mammals.

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Rock Hewn Churches, Lalibela, Ethiopia

The site contains eleven medieval cave churches from the 13th century.

 

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Fort Jesus, Mombasa, Kenya

Fort Jesus is a Portuguese fort built from 1593 to 1596 on Mombasa Island to guard the old port of Mombasa, Kenya.

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Tsodilo, Botswana

The site features more than 4,500 rock art paintings in the Kalahari Desert. Archaeological records provide evidence of human and environmental activities ranging over 100,000 years.

 

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Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur, Egypt

The former capital features funerary monuments, like rock tombs, mastabas, temples, and pyramids. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

 

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Written by How Africa

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