One of the best ways to fight the disease is to detect it early in its development. The problem is that the warning signs of many types of cancer can seem pretty light.
Blood in your urine or stool
It is very important to consult your doctor when you notice blood in your urine or stool, as it may be the first signs of bladder, kidney or colon cancer. Although you are more likely to have a problem that is not cancer, such as hemorrhoids or a urinary tract infection, it is important to treat it early on.
Urinary changes may occur as you get older, but some symptoms may indicate prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is most common in men 60 years of age and older.
Common urinary symptoms include:
- urinary leakage
- an inability to urinate despite desires to do so
- delayed urination
Persistent back pain
Back pain can be a symptom of cancer. The symptoms of cancer may not appear until it has spread to other parts of your body, such as the bones of your spine. For example, prostate cancer is particularly likely to spread to the bones and can cause these symptoms in the hip and lower back bones.
Unlike occasional muscle pain, bone cancer causes bone sensitivity and discomfort.
A persistent cough is an early sign of lung cancer. If you do not have any other apparent symptoms, such as a stuffy nose or fever, the cough is probably not due to a virus or infection.
Cough with bloody mucus is also associated with lung cancer in men.
Changes in the testes
” If you notice any size, heaviness or any other change in the testicles, never delay, to go see a specialist,” says Herbert Lepor, MD, president of the Department of Urology at Langone Medical Center at New University. York.
“Unlike prostate cancer, which is developing slowly, testicular cancer can take off overnight.” Your doctor will look for any problems with a physical exam, blood tests, and an ultrasound scan of the scrotum.