National surveys reveal that one third of all American adults suffer from joint pain and knee pain is the most common of all, after which they list shoulder and hip pain as close second and third. But the truth is that all joints can be affected and the risk of this happening increases as we grow older.
Causes Of Joint Pain
Joint pain is caused by two main reasons: an injury affecting the ligaments, bursae, or tendons either surrounding or within the joint or a disease like osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. The pain can acute, mild and disappear in a week or so of chronic, a long term and permanent condition.
Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are two of the most common chronic joint diseases. Osteoarthritis happens as a result of excessive wear-and-tear around the joints from repetitive stress or excess weight, while rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory process in which the immune system starts attacking our own joints by creating excess inflammation in the tissue that protects the joints.
Joint pain can be caused by many other factors like bursitis (inflammation in the cushion around the joint called bursa), toxins accumulation in the joint space (gout), strains/sprains of ligaments around the joints, or the most serious and deadly – bone cancer.
Joint Pain Symptoms And Signs
If you suffer from joint pain you’re probably experiencing some of the following symptoms:
- Redness of the joint
- Joint swelling
- Joint tenderness
- Joint warmth
- Locking of the joint
- Loss of range of motion
- Joint Stiffness
- Joint weakness
Joint Pain Treatments
If the condition is chronic the only course of action is to try to alleviate the pain, reduce the inflammation and restore and preserve as much of the joint function as possible. Here are some joint pain remedies which can help you ease the pain and improve your condition:
- Repetitive stress of the affected joint should be avoided at all costs. If the pain is acute you may need to refrain from using that particular joint for a while at least until it’s healed.
- An ice packs or a pack of frozen veggies applied on the painful joints can ease the pain significantly. Leave the ice on for 15-20 minutes and repeat the process a few times a day.
- A warm bath with 2 cups of Epsom salt and a pinch of baking soda can do wonders for your painful joints. Soak in the bath for 15 minutes, relax and enjoy your spa experience. If a bath is out of the question try soaking the joints in a bowl with ½ cup Epsom salt and a pinch of baking soda.
- You should increase the blood flow to the joints and relax your muscles with a warm shower.
- Weight plays an important role which is why you should try to maintain a healthy weight to relieve the excess pressure off your joints. For example, every 5 pounds extra weight is equal to 20 additional pounds placed on the knee. Consequently, losing just 5 – 10 lb can put an end to all your weight problems.
- Start a light physical activity like walking, swimming or bike riding.
- Start an anti-inflammatory diet. Drink turmeric and ginger tea throughout the day. Mix 2 cups of hot water with ½ teaspoon of ground turmeric, ½ teaspoon of ground ginger and some lemon. Drink the tea 4 times a day. Eliminate sugar, white rice, artificial sweeteners, processed food, red meat, pre-packaged ready-made items and bread from your diet entirely. Limit the consumption of wheat, soy, and corn. Opt for a diet consisted mainly of green vegetables, legumes, seeds, and whole grains like brown rice, millet, barley, amaranth, and buckwheat.
- Increase your intake of magnesium because this mineral has the ability to relax the muscles and nerve endings, and relieve the pain and stiffness. Try supplements, 300 to 600 mg of Magnesium powder before you go to bed and eat more food rich in magnesium like leafy veggies and small beans.