Canker sores are small ulcerations of the mouth, 1 to 2 mm in diameter. They develop at the level of the mouth, tongue, lips, gums … These canker sores appear as a small crater of yellowish or whitish color, surrounded by a red halo. They cause very unpleasant burns. Their localization can sometimes even make mastication difficult. Often unique, they appear more rarely in groups of two, three or more.
Are canker sores contagious?
Neither infectious nor contagious, canker sores do not constitute a health risk, but above all an embarrassment. They heal spontaneously after ten days without leaving a scar, the painful period generally lasting less than 5 days.
What are the causes for mouth ulcers?
Canker sores can be caused by several causes:
- Tooth brushing too energetic, a bad fit of the dental appliance, a piece of bread that scratches the gums
- Some foods are known to promote the appearance of canker sores: dry fruits (especially walnuts), pineapple, dairy products (such as Gruyère) and mainly spices. But gluten, alcohol, vinegar or some acidic foods can also be found to promote canker sores.
- Some psychological factors such as stress or fatigue can also promote the onset of these mouth ailments as they affect the immune system.
- Hormonax changes may be the cause. Some women have canker sores during menstruation
- In addition, recurrent aphthae may reflect certain deficiencies in iron and certain B vitamins (B12, B1, B2 and B6 in particular).
- In addition, some more serious diseases can cause canker sores. These are Crohn’s disease, AIDS or Behçet’s syndrome. However, in these cases, hyper-recurrent canker sores are present. And at very close frequencies.
How to relieve pain?
- Put an ice cube in the mouth and stall it at the level of the canker. Cold reduces pain.
- Rinse mouth with chlorhexidine-based mouthwashes without exceeding one week of use.
- Apply a special anesthetic gel or spray aphthouses like Pansoral® or Bloxaphte® (available in pharmacy and parapharmacie).
- Take an analgesic medication like paracetamol.
Sum all, you should consult a doctor when the canker sores that you have often appear and at very close frequencies.