More than 17 million Ghanaians are eligible to vote in the elections where 11 candidates are in the race to unseat President Nana Akufo-Addo, who is running for his second term.
Ghana is considered as one of the most democratic countries in West Africa.
Previous elections had been marred by clashes instigated by vigilantes hired by politicians, but a law passed last year banned vigilantism making it punishable by a 10-year minimum jail term.
The electoral commission, in a tweet, urged voters to be agents of peace:
We urge all citizens to abide by the law and conduct themselves in a manner that ensures peace reigns during and after the 2020 General Election. Be an agent of peace while exercising your civic responsibility.#LetTheCitizenKnow#GhanaElections2020 pic.twitter.com/pErW7TXAXN
— Electoral Commission Of Ghana (@ECGhanaOfficial) December 6, 2020