Experts fear the rapid increase in the population of Ghana and propose a government policy to limit the number of children.
The Executive Director of the National Population Council, Leticia Adelaide Appiah, proposed that childbirth be limited to only three (3) to ensure the good quality of life for citizens in the country.
” The way forward is to put in place a population policy, the rate of growth should be reduced and we should talk about quality of life,” she said.
The 2016 Population and Housing Census has set the total population of Ghana at 28.21 million while the United Nations estimates that it is 28.73 million as at 20 August 2017.
China is one of the few countries in the world that has adopted a major population control policy to restrict childbirth. In 1979, the country began the policy “one child per family” (Juali Li 563) which stated that citizens must obtain a birth certificate before the birth of their children.
A state government in India has instituted a policy to offer the newlyweds a cash grant of 5,000 rupees or $ 106 to wait two years before having their first child. Other States also ensured that only two children in a family were allowed to hold public office.
According to Leticia Appiah, Ghana recorded an astronomical growth rate of 2.5 over the last 30 years, compared to the world average of 1.5.
She said the increase had a negative impact on the country’s economy and development.
She noted that if the situation persists without the appropriate policy to address it, the quality of life in the country will decline sharply. This, she said, could have an impact on the quality of education and the government’s ability to cope with various challenges in the country.