In an article for the BBC, Nobel Prize WINNER President Sir Venki Ramakrishnan ponders the idea of SCIENCE – how it has changed our perspective in a short space of time, and why we should be similarly as careful today about the employments of research as we’ve at any point been.
In the event that we could supernaturally transport even the most brilliant individuals from around 1900 to the present world, they would be essentially amazed at how we now comprehend things that had bewildered people for a considerable length of time.
A little more than a hundred years back, individuals had no clue how we acquire and pass on qualities or how a solitary cell could develop into a life form.
They didn’t know that atoms themselves had structure – the word itself means indivisible. They didn’t know that matter has very strange properties that defy common sense. Or why there is gravity. And they had no idea how things began, whether it was life on earth or the universe itself.
These days because of fundamental discoveries we can answer or at least begin to answer those mysteries. That has transformed the way we see the world and often our everyday lives. Much of what we take for granted today is a result of an interplay of fundamental science and technology, with each driving the other forward.
Almost every modern invention has one or often many fundamental discoveries that make it possible. Sometimes, these fundamental discoveries were hundreds of years old. Neither jet engines nor rockets would be possible without a knowledge of Newton’s laws of motion.
There are big moments in science, like the discovery of the structure of DNA that shift our perspectives. But even that discovery was a milestone that built on work by Darwin and Mendel and presaged today’s biotechnology where the entire DNA of a human being – the human genome – has been sequenced.
That truly has given us the capacity to make sense of how things turn out badly in hereditary sicknesses and possibly how to settle them. Researchers were as of late capable to modify the qualities of a young lady to cure her growth.
We are not any more a total black box, in spite of the fact that our multifaceted nature is to such an extent that we are just barely starting to see how our qualities direct the body and how they interface with our condition.