The 85-year-old has spent a ton of his time as president at the Hotel Intercontinental which has an extraordinary perspective of the Swiss Alps. A few previous inn supervisors have told the Wall Street Journal (WSJ) that the inn holds the whole sixteenth floor for Biya and his company who at times take an additional 30 rooms on different floors.
According to an early 2018 report by the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP), Biya spent at least 1,645 days on private visits abroad since he came to power in 1982 costing the Cameroonian taxpayers $65 millio, exclusive of food, private jet and entertainment.
The OCCRP estimates, which were based on publicly available hotel room prices, state that Biya spends around $40,000 per day for one stay at the hotel with his entourage. Biya’s former chief advisor, Christian Penda Ekoka, told the WSJ that the money was paid in cash and came directly from the country’s treasury.
Cameroonians have demonstrated against the expenditure of the president in Switzerland which has taken a toll on the country’s economy and development. The Northwest and Southwest regions of the country have been protesting against marginalization and inadequate development.
Meanwhile, Biya continued his governance from Switzerland and ordered the military to quell dissent, a move that added to the long list of problems facing the country including corruption, poverty, weak institutions and dictatorship.
These developments prompted Swiss news site, swissinfo.ch, to ask why Switzerland is not acting on Paul Biya’s lavish stay in the country while his people continue to face hardships.
“Foreign heads of state can – in a private capacity – stay in Switzerland without the federal authorities being formally informed or involved in the visit,” swissinfo.ch quotes the foreign ministry in a report.
The ministry said Biya enjoys diplomatic immunity as a head of state. “As for the members of his entourage, the statute they may be granted in Switzerland is examined on a case by case basis, according to the aim of the visit and the function they perform,” the ministry added.
According to Marc Guéniat, Senior Researcher at Swiss NGO Public Eye, Biya has the right to travel to Geneva as a legitimate head of state, but “what is problematic is that he spends so much time at taxpayers’ expense, taking over an entire floor of a 5-star hotel,” he told swissinfo.ch.
For analyst, Daniel Warner, who is a retired former deputy head of the Geneva Institute of International and Development Studies, “Unless he’s on trial somewhere, it’s a political question and a judgment question, and as a neutral country what do you expect the Geneva or Swiss authorities to do? If he’s wanted for a crime, that would be something different, but there is no formal legal process against him.”
The report further expatiated on why huge amounts of cash are allowed in Geneva by Paul Biya stating that Switzerland does not automatically require a declaration when importing large amounts of cash of at least CHF10,000 ($10,000). However, Swiss customs officials can request information on the money if there is suspicion of money laundering or terrorist financing.
It seems Paul Biya will continue his lavish stay in Geneva unabated until the end of his regime which is the longest-ruling non-royal government dispensation in the world.