The ban was announced by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on Monday, with a list of items affected.
Some of the single-use plastic materials that will be done away with include plastic straws, cotton swabs, drink stirrers, fast-food plastic containers and cutlery, as well as balloon sticks.
The Canadian government’s ban falls in line with a larger strategy to tackle a plastic pollution menace in the European country.
The Trudeau government ban on single-use plastic has been inspired by a similar move by the European Union.
The EU parliament overwhelmingly voted in March to impose a wide-ranging ban on single-use plastics to counter pollution from discarded items that end up in waterways and fields. EU member states have given their support but need to vote on the measure for it to go into effect.
According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), pollution from plastic waste has reached epidemic proportions with an estimated 100 million tonnes of plastic now found in the oceans, 80-90% of which comes from land-based sources.
Other than Canada, various other governments have pledged to cut usage of single-use plastic materials. Countries such as Australia, Zimbabwe, UK, Rwanda, Morocco, France, Kenya among others already have laws in place banning certain types of plastic.
Last week, Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta while on an official visit to Vancouver announced a ban on single-use plastics in beaches, national parks, forests and conservation areas.
One hundred and seventy countries have pledged to “significantly reduce” the use of plastics by 2030.