The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in its latest report said 5.7 million cases of malaria had been recorded in Burundi in 2019 — a figure roughly equal to half its entire population.
The global health outfit, World Health Organization (WHO), earlier this week affirmed that malaria cases in the East African nation had reached epidemic proportions.
Burundi Health Minister Thaddée Ndikumana told journalists the figures were lower – 4.3 million recorded cases (not 5.7 million), and that 1,400 not 1,800deaths had been recorded this year.
He added that the current situation did not match to a 2017 outbreak that affected close to 5 million people, killing 4,300.
“The national malaria outbreak response plan, which is currently being validated, has highlighted a lack of human, logistical and financial resources for effective response,” OCHA said in its latest weekly bulletin on humanitarian emergencies.
A lack of preventative measures like mosquito nets, climatic changes and increased movements of people from mountain areas with low immunity to malaria were driving the crisis, OCHA said.
A World Health Organization (WHO) official told AFP that “the decision to declare an epidemic is the sovereignty of the Burundian state.
WHO bulletin on health emergecies: Burundi
Since week 48 of 2018 (week ending 2 December 2018), there has been a progressive increase in the number of malaria cases reported across the 46 districts of Burundi, with the epidemic threshold reached or exceeded in week 18 (week ending 5 May 2019).
In week 29 (week ending 21 July 2019), 152 243 cases including 65 deaths have been reported from 39/46 districts. There is a 164% increase in the number of
cases reported in week 29 of 2019 compared to week 29 of 2018 and a 13.5% decrease in the number of cases reported in week 29 compared
to week 28 of 2019.
Eight more cases have been reported in week 29 compared to week 28 of 2019. From week 1 (week ending 5 January 2019) to week 29 of 2019, a cumulative total of 5 738 661 cases and 1 801 deaths (CFR 0.03%) have been reported.