At least half of Nigerian adults have signified their interest and willingness to leave the wetern African nation in the next five years, a survey conducted by US- based research firm, Pew Research Center, has revealed.
In the report tagged, “Many Nigerians, Tunisians and Kenyans say they plan to leave their countries in the next five years”, published on Fact Tank webpage on Wednesday, the research firm stated that the survey was conducted in 2018 across 12 countries.
The report noted that in some African nations, more people planned to migrate than in other countries, while some who planned to migrate said they have being taken steps such as gathering information about a destination country and saving money.
“Conflict also plays a role: In Nigeria and Kenya, majorities say escaping violence is a very or somewhat important reason for why people leave the country.
“In Nigeria, Africa’s most populated nation, nearly half (45 percent) of adults say they plan to move to another country within five years, by far the highest share among 12 countries surveyed across four continents.
“Meanwhile, a quarter (24 percent) of adults in Tunisia said they planned to leave within five years, as do 19 percent in Kenya. In 2017, substantial shares in Senegal, Ghana and South Africa
said the same,” a part of the report read.
It added that the findings highlight the potential for more migration from an area of the world with a fast-growing population because in
recent years, many African countries have seen a sharp increase in outmigration.
“In nations surveyed outside of Africa, fewer people said they planned to migrate. Only in the Philippines do more than one-in-ten (15 percent) say they plan to move to another country. The Philippines has a long history of labor migration to countries around the world.
“Meanwhile, relatively low shares say this in India (two percent) and Mexico
(eight percent), countries with the world’s two largest emigrant populations.
“Many who say they plan to move say they will go to the United States and Europe, popular destinations for Africans who have already migrated.
“In Tunisia, a North African country near Europe, more than two-thirds (68 percent) who plan to migrate say they will move to a European country.
“Meanwhile, Kenyans who plan to move most often say they will go to the U.S. (33 percent) or to another African country (25 percent).
“In Nigeria, 28 percent of potential migrants say they plan to move to the U.S., 19 percent mention a European country and 19 percent say a Middle Eastern country,” the statement read.
A further analysis of the report shows that many Tunisians, Nigerians and Kenyans have made preparations to migrate.
Those sampled, according to the report, said they planned to migrate in the coming
years, although not everyone who said this had made preparations.
“In Nigeria and Kenya, lower but substantial shares have taken each of these steps to prepare for their move.
“About 11 percent of Kenyans and 14 percent of Nigerians who planned to migrate in the next five years have taken all three steps to prepare for their move.
“Those with a high school diploma or higher in Kenya, Nigeria and Tunisia are more likely to say they plan to move abroad. Among sub-Saharan Africans who have already migrated, about half or more of those living in the U.S and United Kingdom have at least some College Education.
“The survey also found that younger adults, men and those with higher incomes are more likely to say they will make a move in the next five years,” the report read.