“Black Arab” may be a confusing concept to many people in the West, where Arabs are classified as Caucasian people. However, all uses of the word “Arab” prior to the rise of Islam in the 7th century refer specifically to people belonging to the Bedouin ethnic group. After that and leading up to the 13th century, people with no Bedouin heritage began to refer to themselves as Arabs.
Today, there are still many “Black Arab” ethnic groups, such as the Tuaregs and Nubians of North Africa to the Mahra of Southern Arabia, who are still in existence, and whose presence in the the “Middle East” predates the coming of the paler-skinned Asiatics. Today’s Arabs are a mixture of these groups, with those of darker-skin facing the typical discrimination and oppression seen by the darker peoples of the world.
Blacks Of Latin America
According to some very moderate estimates, between 1502 and 1866, 11.2 million Africans survived the Middle Passage and were forced from slave ships into servitude in the Americas. Of those 11.2 million, only 450,000 came to the United States. The rest of the enslaved Africans who survived the journey were taken to the Caribbean, Latin America and South America. The vast majority of them were brought to Brazil, as a result the country has one of the largest population of African descendants outside of Africa, second to India.
Today many Black people in Latin America are proudly claiming their African identity and fighting to no longer be invisible in the countries they currently inhabit.
The Indigenous Blacks Of East Asia
Before waves of Han migrations around 1600 B.C., the original inhabitants of China were Black Africans who arrived there about 100,000 years ago and dominated the region until a few thousand years ago. They were followed by the Aboriginal ethnic groups, who are part of the Austronesian people who have come from the Malay Archipelago 6,000 years ago. Pejoratively called Nigritos , or Little Black People, by the Spanish invaders who observed them in Southeast Asia, these Africans were still living in China during the Qing dynasty (1644 to 1911).
Black People of Southeast Asia
The Black people who are labeled “The Negritos,” are believed to be the earliest inhabitants of Southeast Asia, remnants of the earliest populations from the Out of Africa migration. The term refers to the current populations which include 12 Andamanese peoples of the Andaman Islands, six Semang peoples of Malaysia, the Mani of Thailand, and also the Aeta, Agta, Ati and 30 other peoples of the Philippines.
Black People of India
As you may know when Black people left Africa, India was one of the first place they came to and settled. With the second largest population in the world, and a significant percentage of those people having African heritage, some scholars say India to this day has the largest Black population of any country in the world.
The Khoisan of South Africa
The Khoisans refers to two groups of peoples of Southern Africa, who share similar physical and linguistic characteristics. Culturally, the Khoisan are divided into the hunter-gatherer San and the pastoral Khoikhoi, although neither group purely live those lifestyles today.
The Khoikhoi were previous belittled with the label of Hottentots. Likewise, the Sans are often referenced by the pejorative term “Bushmen.” Both are often called the derogatory term pygmy still till this day.
Indigenous Australians and People of Oceania
By now it’s evident that Africa is not the only place on earth that has indigenous Black people. Australia and the islands of Oceania also have indigenous Black people that populated the area. Oceania is a large region of the world that includes thousands of Pacific islands, including the areas of Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia.
The “First” Out of Africa migration, circa 60,000 B.C, saw Blacks with straight hair, taking a route along the coast of Asia, and then “Island hopping” across the Indian Ocean to New Guinea around 50,000 BC, continuing the southward expansion into Australia and Tasmania around 40,000 BC.