On the occasion of the celebration of World Malaria Day, WHO published a report on Monday. According to the document, six countries of the African continent, the hardest hit by malaria, could eradicate this disease by the year 2020.
One of the goals of the WHO 2016-2030 malaria control plan, also called malaria, is to eradicate the disease in at least 10 countries by 2020. “WHO estimates that 21 countries are To reach this target, including 6 countries in the Africa region, where the burden of disease is the greatest, “according to a statement from the World Health Organization. These six countries are Algeria, Cape Verde, Swaziland, Botswana, South Africa and the Comoros.
In South Africa, the elimination of malaria is a national goal. By 2014, the country recorded almost 11,700 cases, almost 6 times less than in 2000 (64,000 cases). Malaria cases are concentrated in border regions with Swaziland, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
According to WHO, “with targeted action and cross-border cooperation, South Africa has the potential to eliminate malaria by 2020”. Other countries that can achieve this target include China, Malaysia, South Korea, 8 countries in Latin America (Costa Rica, Belize, El Salvador, Mexico, Argentina, Paraguay, Ecuador, Surinam) (Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Timor-Leste and Nepal) and four countries in South-East Asia (Saudi Arabia, Iran and Oman).
In a report published on early last year in Copenhagen, its European headquarters, WHO said that Europe, Central Asia and the Caucasus have eradicated malaria in 2015. Today, this potentially fatal disease, caused by an infected mosquito bite, affects in the first place “In 2015, 88% of cases of malaria and 90% of deaths due to this disease occurred in sub – Saharan Africa” After WHO.
Malaria, which causes fever, headaches, chills and vomiting, has affected 214 million people worldwide, and killed 438,000 in 2015, according to the WHO.