Pan-Africanism is a movement that aims to unite and strengthen relations between Africans and people of African descent around the world. This concept was not easy to implement because factors such as slavery, cultural division and racism, to name but a few, threatened to weaken the ideals of Pan-Africanism.
The brave souls who have tried to institute policies to unite all Africans, wherever they are, have met with great resistance. They were persecuted and many of their ideals went away with them.
Here are 5 Pan-African leaders who have written their names in the history of their country and Africa.
Eduardo Chivambo Mondlane was a professor of history and sociology at Syracuse University. Mondlane was also the founding president of the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) in 1962.
Mondlane left his teaching job to focus on FRELIMO. FRELIMO played a key role in Mozambique’s struggle for independence.
On February 3, 1969, he was killed when he opened a package that contained an explosive.
Thomas Joseph Odhiambo
Thomas Joseph Odhiambo is considered one of the ancestors of the Republic of Kenya. In addition, he was Pan-Africanist, trade unionist, independence activist, minister and author.
He played a key role in Kenya’s independence. Joseph Odhiambo also started a trade union movement in his native country, formed the first ICFTU pan-African trade union organization, and worked with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and former President John F. Kennedy to create educational opportunities for women and men. African students in the United States.
On July 5, 1969, he was shot and killed while leaving a pharmacy.
Agathe Uwilingiyimana was a scholar and prime minister of Rwanda from 1993 to 1994.
As a member of the Hutu tribe, Uwilingiyimana attracted the attention of the Tutsi tribal opposition forces.She was heavily criticized by media men who thought women should not be in the same positions as men.
On 6 April 1994, President Habyarimana, Cyprien Ntaryamira, President of Burundi, and the Chief of Staff of the Rwandan Army, as well as others, were aboard the President’s private jet which was shot down in the area. airspace of Rwanda.
After addressing the Rwandan people, the UN sent a peacekeeping escort to the home of Uwilingiyimana, consisting of 10 Belgian soldiers. They had to protect Uwilingiyimana and her family from danger because she intended to go to Radio Rwanda the next day to call for calm.
Uwilingiyimana, her husband and the ten soldiers who accompanied her were shot dead.
Nicknamed Che Guevara of Africa, Thomas Isidore Noel Sankara was a revolutionary, Marxist and Pan-Africanist.
He was president of Burkina Faso from 1983 to 1987 following a military coup led by his friend and ally Blaise Compaore.
Thomas Sankara is at the origin of the change of name of his country from Upper Volta to Burkina Faso, the formulation of foreign policies focused on anti-imperialism.
On October 15, 1987, Thomas Sankara was killed in a coup by Blaise Compaore.
Patrice Lumumba was a writer, Congolese politician and leader of independence.
Lumumba fought against African oppression promulgated by the Belgian colonial system. As a result, he was murdered on January 2, 1961.