Kenya borders Somalia, which is currently being ravaged by Islamic extremist group Al-Shabaab. As a result of their geographic proximity, tourism to the country has been steadily on the decline since a Somali terrorist attack on Kenya’s upscale Westgate shopping mall left 70 people dead in 2013. Along the Somalian border, a string of bombings and grenade attacks have occurred, killing dozens of civilians. Al-Shabbab is angered by the presence of Kenyan troops in Somalia and has vowed to continue its attack on Kenya’s churches, nightclubs and bus stations until they withdraw them.
Egypt is an example of an extremely unstable political climate. Ruled for decades under the military dictatorship of Hosni Mubarak, the Egyptian people rose up in 2011 and ousted him from office after 18 violent months of protests. Later, a president was democratically elected only to ignite further unrest in the country and be replaced by the nation’s powerful military. Today, Egypt still cannot find its political identity and violent attacks are still prevalent, making it a dangerous place to live, let alone visit.
After ruling Libya for over 40 years and being accused by its people of imposing a dictatorship, Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown by rebels and killed in 2011 following months of protests. Since then, various revolutionaries and groups have shown resistance to the government and have violently interfered with Libya’s attempt to regain political stability, kidnapping its interim Prime Minister as well as several diplomats in the country. The fighting was so bad at one point that commercial aircraft were prohibited from flying over Libya. The danger within the nation continues today as the Libya Operations Room group, its main militant party, tries to exert power.
Affiliated with Afghanistan’s Al-Qaeda, Somalian militant group Al-Shabaab has been trying to take over Somalia, aiming to overthrow the interim Transitional Federal Government that the country had instated to bring about stability. The country is the third most violent place on the planet, with kidnappings, bombings and attacks on civilians happening every day. The nation suffers from extreme famine and piracy, and Al-Shabaab funds its operations by killing elephants and their owners in order to sell ivory tusks.
Nigeria has faced the age old Christian vs. Muslim battle for years, but the fight was stepped up in 2014 when an Islamic militant group operating in the country, Boko Haram, kidnapped 276 schoolgirls in an effort to overtake the Nigerian government. The terrorist group constantly targets schools, as it is displeased with any form of Western influence in how young Nigerians are taught. Civil unrest is at an all-time high, with countries such as Benin, Chad, Cameroon and Niger having joined Nigeria in trying to expel Boko Haram altogether.